Top 10 Coldest Countries You Must Add to 2024 Bucket List

Earth is a varied and intriguing planet, with temperatures ranging from cold tundras to scorching deserts. Certain nations enjoy year-round warmth, while others face bitterly cold weather that poses problems for both the environment and the people who live there.

List of the Top 10 Coldest Countries in the World

  1. Russia
  2. Canada
  3. Greenland
  4. Iceland
  5. Finland
  6. Sweden
  7. Norway
  8. Mongolia
  9. Kazakhstan
  10. Antarctica

1) Russia

The most populous country in the world, Russia, is known for its very cold climate and long winters. Russia’s climate is continental throughout the majority of the country, with Siberia and other areas experiencing particularly severe cold. Siberia is notorious for its bone-chilling conditions, which sometimes drop well below zero. The region is recognized for its vast and isolated landscapes. One of the coldest locations on Earth to live is Norilsk, in Siberia, where temperatures frequently fall under -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees F).

In Russia, the winter season is a powerful force that shapes customs and everyday life. The nation is known for its snow-covered landscapes, frozen lakes, and rivers encased in ice throughout the winter. Winters in cities like St. Petersburg and Moscow are particularly harsh, with many days falling below zero.

Russians have resiliently adapted to their chilly climate despite the harsh weather. Ice hockey and ice fishing are two examples of winter sports and hobbies that are deeply ingrained in Russian culture. The incredible resilience of the Russian people in the face of harsh weather is reflected in the country’s persistent reputation as a chilly place.

2) Canada

The second-biggest country in the world, Canada, is well known for its frigid weather, especially in the north. Canada, a country with a wide variety of climates, is known for its harsh winters, which have a lasting effect on the country’s landscapes and way of life. Temperatures in several parts of the nation, including Winnipeg, Yellowknife, and the Yukon Territory, are extremely cold and frequently fall far below freezing.

Wintertime scenes of snow-covered landscapes, frozen lakes, and ice-covered rivers are the quintessential picture of Canada. Some of the nation’s worst winter temperatures are experienced in the northern regions, such as Nunavut, where lows of -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees F) are common.

Canadians have taken to winter activities like ice hockey, skiing, and snowboarding as a way to adapt to and prosper in their chilly climate. The beauty and resiliency of Canada’s winters are celebrated in events like the Winter Carnival in Quebec City, which further cements the nation’s cultural identity.

Outdoor lovers seeking adventure in the fresh, cold air find a winter paradise in the immense wildness of the nation, which includes the Arctic tundra and the Rocky Mountains. The fact that Canada is known for being cold bears witness to its capacity to use its harsh environment to foster pride in the nation and offer distinctive cultural experiences.

3) Greenland

Greenland is one of the coldest regions on Earth. It is an independent territory that is part of the Kingdom of Denmark. Greenland is a region with an Arctic climate that is known for its frigid temperatures, vast glaciers, and glacial landscapes. It is subject to severe weather all year round because of its closeness to the North Pole.

The typical winter temperature in Greenland may drop well below freezing, with coastal sections seeing milder weather than interior areas that experience harsher temperatures. Wintertime temperatures in Nuuk, the nation’s capital, often vary from -10 to -20 degrees Celsius (14 to -4 degrees Fahrenheit). Even lower temperatures are occasionally experienced in the interior and at higher heights, sometimes falling below -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees F).

Greenland’s frozen geography is characterized by the ice sheet that covers around 80% of the landmass. This enormous ice sheet, the second biggest in the world, plays a major role in the climate’s general coldness. Because of their adaptation to the cold, the people of the island continue to participate in customs like ice fishing and dog sledding.

The extreme cold that characterizes Greenland presents difficulties, but it also adds to the amazing beauty of the Arctic landscapes, drawing in scholars and explorers who come to see the pristine ice wildness that distinguishes this extraordinary region.

4) Iceland

Iceland, despite its name, may not be as icy as one might imagine because of the North Atlantic Drift, a branch of the Gulf Stream. Still, Iceland is recognized for its chilly climate, which is frequently linked to peculiar, erratic weather patterns. Reykjavik, the nation’s capital, enjoys a mild marine climate, with frigid wintertime highs of -1 to -6 degrees Celsius (30 to 21 degrees F).

Iceland’s breathtaking scenery, which includes glaciers, hot springs, and volcanic features, offsets the country’s cooler climate. The interior and northern parts of the island usually experience colder weather, with occasional lows of -10 degrees Celsius (14 degrees Fahrenheit) in the winter. The Northern Lights dance across the pitch-black heavens amid the nation’s famously stunning winter scenery.

In Iceland, winter is a season of contrasts, with snow-capped peaks giving way to geothermal hotspots like the Blue Lagoon. Icelanders welcome the winter season with a variety of events, including Christmas customs and the winter solstice, even if it is rather chilly outside.

Iceland is a fascinating trip for anyone seeking both cold and mesmerizing beauty, even if it may not be the coldest country in the world due to its unique combination of low temperatures, breathtaking natural beauties, and cultural fortitude in the face of winter.

5) Finland

Finland, a country in Northern Europe, is well-known for its chilly winter weather. The nation has a moderate climate with distinct seasons, with winter covering the area in a layer of frost and snow. Some of the lowest temperatures in the nation may be found in Northern Finland, especially in Lapland, where winter lows can go below -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees F).

Finland becomes a snow-covered wonderland during the winter, complete with frozen lakes, snow-covered woods, and the captivating Northern Lights twinkling in the night sky. The interior and northern parts suffer more intense cold, whereas Helsinki, the capital, has gentler winter temperatures, from -5 to -15 degrees Celsius (23 to 5 degrees F).

Despite the frigid conditions, the Finns embrace winter with zest, indulging in a range of outdoor sports, including cross-country skiing, ice fishing, and snowmobiling. Wintertime in Finland is a time when people truly embody the notion of “sisu,” a distinctive trait that is typically defined as tenacity and resolve in the face of hardship.

Finland’s traditionally cozy winter celebrations, such as saunas and Christmas markets, are a result of the country’s frigid environment. To summarize, Finland’s image as a frigid nation is closely linked to its capacity to transform winter into a period of breathtaking scenery, outdoor pursuits, and cultural festivities.

Read More: Top 10 Beautiful Countries in World You Must Visit

6) Sweden

Sweden, a country in northern Europe, is well known for its bitterly cold weather, particularly in the winter. Sweden has a climate that is mostly subarctic and boreal, with temperatures that may drop dramatically, especially in the northern areas. Winter temperatures in Lapland cities like Kiruna can drop to -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees F).

Sweden is transformed into a snow-covered environment throughout the winter, with lovely ski resorts scattered across the countryside, frozen lakes, and snow-covered forests. The interior and northern regions must struggle with more severe cold, although the capital, Stockholm, and other southern regions have warmer winters, usually ranging from -5 to -15 degrees Celsius (23 to 5 degrees F).

Winter festivals, cross-country skiing, and ice skating are essential aspects of life in the colder months. The way individuals adjust to and value the cold weather is also influenced by the Swedish idea of “lagom,” which translates to a modest and balanced manner of living.

Sweden’s reputation as a frigid nation is inextricably linked to its capacity to transform winter into a time of natural beauty, outdoor pursuits, and a celebration of customs that persevere despite the harsh Nordic climate.

7) Norway

Norway is known for its harsh weather and breathtaking winter scenery. It is located in the northernmost part of Europe. With a climate that is mostly subarctic and boreal, Norway is known for its cold weather, especially in the north. Winter temperatures in cities like Tromsø can dip as low as -20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees F).

Norway is transformed into a mesmerizing kingdom of snow throughout the winter, complete with breathtaking fjords, glacial lakes, and the shimmering Northern Lights that create an enchanting atmosphere. Norwegians enjoy outdoor winter sports like skiing, snowboarding, and dog sledding despite the bitter weather. The vast network of cross-country ski routes and alpine resorts around the nation is evidence of Norwegians’ passion for winter activities.

The capital city of Oslo and other coastal regions get warmer winters with highs of -5 to -10 degrees Celsius (23 to 14 degrees Fahrenheit). But the northern stretches and the hilly interior experience harsher winters.

Norway’s chilly environment has grown to be an essential component of its national character. Communities come together for traditional winter events, such as Christmas markets and winter solstice celebrations, to brave the bitter cold. Norway’s image as a chilly nation stems from more than just its extreme winters; it also comes from the way its inhabitants appreciate and value the special beauty of the season.

Read More: Cold Places in Pakistan

8) Mongolia

Mongolia is known for its vast, untamed landscapes and bitter weather. Mongolia, which has a continental climate, has severe winters, particularly in the north and west. Ulaanbaatar, the capital, is widely regarded as one of the world’s coldest capital cities, with wintertime lows of around -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees F).

Mongolia is transformed into a magnificent, snow-covered landscape with wide steppes and craggy mountains coated in a layer of white throughout the winter. A large portion of Mongolia’s population consists of nomadic herders who persevere through the harsh winters by shifting their traditional gers (yurts) in search of pastures for their animals.

Wintertime isolation is exacerbated by the country’s size and comparatively low population density. Mongolians commemorate the winter season with traditional holidays, such as Tsagaan Sar, the Lunar New Year, which marks a time of resiliency and rejuvenation despite the severe weather.

The inhabitants of Mongolia have a strong bond with the earth, which is reflected in their nomadic way of life, which has been adapted to the harsh environment. Winter events like ice fairs and age-old competitions like horse racing and wrestling demonstrate how resilient and adaptive the Mongolian people are in the face of a harsh and frigid climate. Mongolia’s reputation as a frigid nation is entwined with the spirit of nomadic living that perseveres despite the harshness of its winters.

9) Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, the world’s primary landlocked nation, is renowned for its varied terrain and, in many areas, a cold geographical climate. In Kazakhstan, winters may be unusually harsh, with sharp drops in temperature, particularly in the north and center of the nation. Winters in cities like the capital, Astana (now Nur-Sultan), are extremely cold, with frequent lows of -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees F).

Much of Kazakhstan’s colder months are characterized by a winter landscape of huge steppes, snow-covered mountains, and freezing plains. The country’s geographical size affects the temperature differences, with the north and center experiencing more intense cold and the south experiencing warmer weather.

Kazakhstanis have adapted to their harsh climate with inventiveness and tenacity, despite the difficult conditions. Popular winter activities include ice hockey, skiing, and ice fishing. In certain places, ancient nomadic lifestyles, including using yurts for housing, are still practiced.

Winter festivals and traditional crafts all highlight how Kazakhstan’s climate has shaped its cultural character. The persistent perception of Kazakhstan as a frigid nation is a testament to both the country’s extremes and the resilience of its people, who have developed a distinct way of life despite the harsh winters.

10) Antarctica

The coldest spot on Earth is Antarctica, the southernmost continent, which is distinguished by an extremely harsh environment. Approximately 60% of the freshwater on Earth is contained in the massive ice sheet that covers Antarctica, making it a vast and frigid wilderness. The average yearly temperature on the continent is about -49 degrees Celsius (-56 degrees Fahrenheit), and it becomes significantly colder in the winter. 

Huge icebergs, towering glaciers, and a vast polar desert characterize Antarctica’s terrain. In winter, the South Pole and the interior can experience temperatures as low as -80 degrees Celsius (-112 degrees F).

Even with its extreme cold, there are no permanent humans living in Antarctica. During the summer, however, it is home to scientific research sites staffed by multinational teams. These scientists put up with difficult circumstances in order to investigate the distinct ecology, climatic trends, and consequences of global warming.

Antarctica’s severe cold is a vital research laboratory that sheds light on the planet’s past climatic history and the possible effects of global warming. Antarctica, a representation of pure ice wildness, continues to stand as a tribute to the harshest freezing climate on Earth and the tenacity of those who dare to explore its hostile terrain in the interest of science.


These nations are well-known for their extremely cold temperatures, yet they also have distinctive topographies and resilient civilizations. These areas’ intense cold has molded the manner of life for those who live there, giving them an incredibly exceptional level of flexibility and tenacity. Discovering the world’s coldest nations provides an insight into the wonders and difficulties of residing in some of the planet’s coldest climates.


Which Is The Coldest Country in Asia?

Verkhoyansk, in Russia, is the coldest place in Asia. It may be as cold as -60 degrees Celsius here.

Which Is The Most Coldest Place in The World?

Antarctica is the coldest place in the world. Reaching lows of -128.6 degrees Fahrenheit, the southernmost continent in the world is by far the coldest region on Earth.

Do These Cold Nations Provide Specific Recreational Opportunities?

Without a doubt! Take part in ice skating, dog sledding, and skiing as winter activities. Take in the sights of snow-covered landscapes, attend unique festivals, and see the Northern Lights.

What Time of Year Is Ideal For Traveling To These Icy Nations?

The best time to visit the majority of these nations is in the winter, which is often from November to March, when you can take in the breathtaking scenery and festive celebrations.

How Do People In These Places Adjust To The Severe Cold?

Resiliently, the locals have adapted by participating in winter sports, customs, and festivals. In order to resist the cold, many additionally employ heating techniques and specific clothes.

Which Is the Coldest Country in Europe?

Russia, or rather the portion of Russia that is on the European continent, is the coldest country in Europe. 

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

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