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Deepest Caves in the World You Must Explore in 2024

Welcome to the world of mysteries where only the brave and the curious dare to venture. These caves are like another world where every twist and turn reveals something new and exciting. The world’s deepest caves also offer critical insights into our planet’s geological secrets. For decades, these beautiful caves have attracted scientists and adventurers. Read this blog to explore the top 10 deepest caves in the world, their size, and interesting facts. Do not skip the precautionary measures before you plan your trip! 

List of Top 10 Deepest Caves Worldwide 

  • Veryovkina Cave (Abkhazia)
  • Krubera-Voronja Cave (Georgia)
  • Sarma Cave (Georgia)
  • Snezhnaya Cave (Georgia)
  • Lamprechtsofen (Austria)
  • Gouffre Mirolda (France)
  • Gouffre Jean-Bernard (France)
  • Sistema del Cerro del Cuevón (Spain)
  • Hirlatzhöhle (Austria)
  • Sistema Huautla (Mexico) 

1- Veryovkina Cave (Abkhazia)

Veryovkina Cave is located in the Arabika Massif of the Gagra Range in Abkhazia. It is known as the deepest cave on planet Earth. This spectacular underground wonder is 7,257 feet (2,223 meters) deep and 17.5 kilometers long.  

The cave’s discovery dates back to the 1960s, but it wasn’t until recent decades that its true depth and complexity were fully realized. The breakthrough came in 2018 when a team of Russian spelunkers (cave explorers) from the Perovo Speleo Club reached its record depth. 

One of the most fascinating aspects of Veryovkina Cave is its unique ecosystem. The cave is home to a diverse range of specialized microorganisms that have evolved to thrive in total darkness by depending on chemosynthesis rather than photosynthesis. 

The cave’s geological formations are equally fascinating. The walls are covered with patterns of mineral deposits, formed over millions of years. These formations, including stalactites, stalagmites, and flowstones, provide valuable insights into the Earth’s geological history. Veryovkina Cave stands as an uncharted mystery that lies beneath our feet. 

2- Krubera-Voronja Cave (Georgia)

Krubera-Voronja Cave, located in the Arabika Massif of the Western Caucasus, Abkhazia, Georgia, is a masterpiece of nature that has captivated the imagination of speleologists. This wonder is renowned as the second deepest cave on Earth, with a depth of over 7,215 feet (2,199 meters) and a length of almost 16 kilometers. 

The cave’s history is decades old. The residents were aware of its existence but lacked the means to explore it. The first extensive exploration of the caves was carried out in the 1980s by a team of Ukrainian speleologists, who went to a depth of 900 feet (274 meters) by pushing through restricted choke points.

The cave’s exploration gained momentum in the early 21st century, with a Ukrainian expedition reaching a depth of 5,610 feet in 2001. This milestone marked a significant leap in speleological exploration and highlighted the human determination to explore the unexplored. 

Krubera-Voronja Cave is not only remarkable for its depth but also for its sheer size. The cave’s narrow passages, vertical shafts, and underwater sumps present formidable obstacles.

3- Sarma Cave (Georgia)

Sarma Cave, located in Abkhazia, Georgia, has a depth of approximately 6,004 feet (1,830 meters). It holds the distinction of being the third deepest cave in the world, according to current records.

The cave was first discovered in 1990 by Sergey Shipitsin, a caver from the Arabica Caving Club. Since then, numerous ventures have been undertaken to explore and map its vastness. The cave’s size is truly impressive, stretching over 19.2 kilometers in length.

The most interesting aspect of Sarma Cave is its potential for further exploration. According to Alexei Barashkov, a prominent explorer, there is a possibility that the cave could be deeper than its current recorded depth. This is due to the presence of tunnels and passageways that have yet to be fully explored.

Sarma Cave is also notable for its unique geology. It is situated near the Verevkin Cave, which is another deep cave in the world. The proximity of these two caves raises the possibility that they might be interconnected, a phenomenon known as a traverse in speleology. 

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4- Snezhnaya Cave (Georgia)

Snezhnaya Cave is situated in the West Caucasus. It is one of the longest and deepest caves in the world, spanning 40.8 kilometers in total length and 5,774 feet (1,760 meters) in depth.

The discovery of Snezhnaya Cave dates back to the early 20th century, with the first recorded exploration in 1912. The most intriguing aspect of Snezhnaya Cave is its geological composition. The cave’s walls are covered with crystalline structures, which have been shaped over millions of years.

The cave’s dark and damp environment supports various microorganisms, which play a crucial role in the cave’s ecosystem. The cave has been found to harbor several species of insects that are found nowhere else on Earth. This spot is also vital for scientific research and conservation efforts.

5- Lamprechtsofen (Austria)

Lamprechtsofen is the fifth deepest cave in the world. It is located in the Leogang Mountains of Austria. The cave’s depth reaches 5,692 feet (1,735 meters) below the surface. According to the estimates, its length is around 51 km. 

The legend of Lamprechtsofen, a knight named Lamprecht, and buried treasures added to its mystery when it was discovered in the Middle Ages. In 1980, a Polish expedition in the Hoher Goll massif in Austria discovered a new cave series, the Pl-2 cave at a depth of about -400 meters. 

The cave’s geology is characterized by stalactites and stalagmites (forms of rocks), which have formed over millions of years through the slow dripping of mineral-rich water. 

Despite its incredible size and beauty, Lamprechtsofen Cave has its challenges. The cave’s inhospitable conditions, including swift increases in water levels during heavy rainfall, make it risky for speleologists. However, for those who venture into its depths, the rewards are immense. 

6- Gouffre Mirolda (France)

The French Alps’ Samoëns Valley is home to the Gouffre Mirolda Cave. This cave was discovered in 1971 by a shepherd named Marc Degrinis. Its depth is 5,688 feet (1,733 meters) with a length of almost 18 kilometers. The cave’s deepest point is called the grand siphon.

Gouffre Mirolda’s network of galleries, shafts, and pitches are some of its most exciting features. It was formed by underground water flow through Jurassic limestone over millions of years. 

It is essential to remember that the cave’s name pays tribute to three cavers, Michel Schmidt, Roland Chenevier, and Daniel Trouilleux, who tragically lost their lives in a flood in 1976.

Despite its fame among cavers, this cave poses significant challenges to explorers, with risks of floods, vertical drops, and tight passages. 

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7- Gouffre Jean-Bernard (France)

Gouffre Jean-Bernard is also known as Réseau Jean-Bernard. It was discovered in 1963 by the French caving group Groupe Vulcain. This cave is also located in the heart of the French Alps. 

At a depth of 5,305 feet (1,617 meters), Gouffre Jean-Bernard ranks as the seventh deepest cave in the world. Its estimated length is around 29.2 kilometers. The cave has formed in an inclined layer of Urgonian Limestone, a thick deposit of Lower Cretaceous sediments. Its highest entrance is known as C37.

The cave’s name honors Jean Dupont and Bernard Raffy, two members of Groupe Vulcain, who sadly disappeared in 1963 during a risky journey in Goule de Foussoubie Cave.

8- Sistema del Cerro del Cuevón (Spain)

The eighth-deepest cave in the world, Sistema del Cerro del Cuevón, is located in Spain. Its depth reaches 5,213 feet (1,589 meters), with a length of around 7 kilometers. 

Sistema del Cerro del Cuevón is known for its network of passages, underground canyons, and diverse array of speleothems (the mesmerizing mineral formations that cover its walls and ceilings).

9- Hirlatzhöhle (Austria)

Hirlatzhöhle, located in Austria, has a depth of around 5,120 feet (1,560 meters). It ranks as the 9th deepest cave in the world with a notable length of 117.8 kilometers. The size of Hirlatzhöhle makes it the longest cave in Austria and one of the longest on the planet.

The cave was first discovered in 1956 by a group of fearless Austrian cavers, who ventured into its gaping maw and began to reveal its mysteries. Today, it is more than just a geological marvel. Numerous archeological treasures have been found in the cave, including ancient objects and the remains of extinct animals like cave lions and bears.

These findings provide clues about the lives of the humans and animals who once called Hirlatzhöhle their home.
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10- Sistema Huautla (Mexico) 

Sistema Huautla is a wonderful and one of the deepest caves located within the Sierra Mazateca mountains of southern Mexico. It was discovered by cavers from Austin, Texas in the 1960s.

According to recent statistics, Sistema Huautla’s depth spans over 5,118 feet (1,560 meters), and its length is more than 100 kilometers. Sistema Huautla is part of a vast karst groundwater basin, with water flowing through sinkholes. The cave is also home to an incredible diversity of life, from spiders and millipedes to a colony of bats.

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Precautionary Measures Before Planning to Visit These Caves 

  • Never cave alone – always go with an experienced guide or caver.
  • Join a caving club to learn proper techniques and access equipment.
  • Take a caving course to learn about hazards, emergency procedures, and equipment use.
  • Inform family/friends of your expected return time, location, and party size.
  • Wear a helmet, appropriate clothing, and footwear with good traction.
  • Carry multiple reliable light sources, water, food, and other necessary supplies.
  • Stay with your caving team at all times and avoid touching fragile cave formations.
  • Count your team members before entering and exiting the cave. 
  • Carefully plan your route, and turnaround time, and manage underwater pressure/narcosis.
  • Minimize your impact by not disturbing wildlife and leaving no trace behind.


The world’s deepest caves reveal the underground landscapes hidden beneath our feet. These caves, located across diverse regions such as Abkhazia, Georgia, Austria, France, Spain, and Mexico, attract and inspire visitors from around the world. They offer the Earth’s geological history and the processes that have shaped our world over millions of years. Each cave presents unique challenges and wonders, from passageways to chambers. 


1- Where is the Deepest Cave in the World?

Veryovkina Cave is known as the deepest cave on planet Earth. This spectacular underground wonder is 7,257 feet (2,223 meters) deep and 17.5 kilometers long.  

2- Which Country Has 8000 Caves?

With almost 8,000 caves, Slovenia is a well-known caving destination.  

3- Which is the Longest Cave in the World?

The longest cave in the world is Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, USA, with over 685.6 kilometers (426.0 miles) of explored passageways.

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

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