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5 Electric Car Companies in the USA in 2024

The electric vehicle industry in the United States is experiencing a remarkable transformation. EVs are not just cars; they represent a shift towards sustainability, efficiency, and innovation in the automotive sector. With a focus on reducing carbon emissions and reliance on fossil fuels, electric cars offer a cleaner and greener alternative for the future. The EV industry is not only reshaping the way we travel but also leading the charge toward a more environmentally conscious and technologically advanced era of mobility. Let’s uncover the five best electric car companies in the United States. 

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List of Electric Car Companies in the USA

  • Tesla
  • General Motors
  • Ford
  • Rivian
  • Lucid Motors

1- Tesla

Tesla is an American electric vehicle company founded in 2003 by Elon Musk, JB Straubel, Martin Eberhard, Marc Tarpenning, and Ian Wright. The company is named after the 19th-century inventor Nikola Tesla, who discovered the properties of rotating electromagnetic fields. 

Elon Musk, the CEO of Tesla, has been a significant figure in the company’s history. He joined Tesla a year after its inception, investing $30 million into the company and becoming the chairman of its Board of Directors. Musk has been instrumental in raising funds for the company, including from Google’s founders. 

The company’s flagship Model 3 is the best-selling EV model in the United States. Tesla’s market capitalization crossed $1 trillion for the first time in October 2021 and surpassed the combined value of legacy automakers including Toyota, Volkswagen, Daimler, General Motors, and Ford.

In 2022, Tesla generated $81.46 billion in annual revenue, a 51.35% increase compared to 2021. The company’s revenue for the quarter ending December 31, 2023, was $25.167 billion, a 3.49% increase year-over-year. Tesla’s annual revenue for 2023 was $96.773 billion, an 18.8% increase from 2022.

Despite these achievements, Tesla faced challenges in 2023. Gross profits were down 23% for the quarter year over year, and net income increased 115% year over year, largely due to a one-time non-cash tax benefit of $5.9 billion. The company’s operating margin fell from 16.8% in 2022 to 9.2% in 2023, and free cash flow dropped by 42%. Tesla indicated that its vehicle growth rate may be “notably lower” in 2024 but with a $468.32 billion net worth, Tesla is a major player in the electric vehicle industry. 
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2- General Motors 

General Motors (GM) is an American automobile manufacturing company founded in 1908 by William C. Durant. The company is headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, and operates globally. GM’s major products include automobiles, trucks, automotive components, and engines. Mary T. Barra has served as the CEO of General Motors since January 2014 and is the first female CEO of a major automaker in the United States. 

In 2023, General Motors generated $171.842 billion in annual revenue, a 9.64% increase from 2022. The company’s net income for the year was $10.1 billion, up from $9.9 billion in 2022. GM’s financial performance in 2023 included strong sales, with 2.6 million vehicles sold in the United States, a 14% increase from 2022.

The company has a portfolio of multiple brands, including Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick, GMC, Baojun, and Wuling. GM’s focus on innovation and sustainability has led to the development of electric vehicles, such as the Chevrolet Equinox EV and the Cadillac Escalade IQ, which are set to launch in 2024.

As of April 2024, General Motors Company’s net value is $49.88 billion. In a single year, its market value has climbed by 3.70%. The company expects its U.S. EV business to become profitable in the second half of 2024, with increased production of various models and the launch of new vehicles.  

3- Ford 

Ford Motor Company is an American automobile manufacturing company founded in 1903 by Henry Ford and 11 associates. The company’s current CEO is Jim Farley, who has been in the position since 2014.

Ford’s notable achievements include the successful launch of the F-150 Lightning pickup and the Mustang Mach-E SUV, which were among the top-selling electric vehicles in the U.S. for 2023. 

In 2022, Ford generated $158.1 billion in annual revenue. For the year ending December 31, 2023, the company’s revenue was $46 billion, with a net loss of $526 million attributable to special items and adjusted EBIT (Earning before Interest and Taxes) of $1.1 billion.

Despite facing challenges in 2023, such as a mild recession in the U.S. and a moderate recession in Europe, Ford remains optimistic about its future. The company is investing in customer experience, connected services, and capital expenditures to drive growth and profitability. 

Ford plans to report its first-quarter 2024 financial results in May. As of April 2024, Ford Motor Company’s net wealth is $47.38 billion. In a single year, its market capitalization dropped by -5.41%.

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4- Rivian 

Rivian Automotive is an American electric vehicle manufacturer founded in 2009 by Robert “RJ” Scaringe. The company is headquartered in Irvine, California, with its manufacturing plant in Normal, Illinois, and other facilities in Palo Alto, California; Carson, California; Plymouth, Michigan; Vancouver, British Columbia; Wittmann, Arizona; Woking, England; and Belgrade, Serbia. 

Rivian produces an electric sport utility vehicle (SUV) and pickup truck on a “skateboard” platform that can support future electric delivery vans. The company started deliveries of its R1T pickup truck in late 2021 and has plans to build another US$5 billion factory in the State of Georgia.

In 2023, Rivian produced 57,232 vehicles and reported revenue of US$4.43 billion, despite facing a net loss of US$5.7 billion. The company’s total assets were US$16.8 billion, and total equity was US$9.14 billion, with 16,790 employees as of December 2023. As of April 2024, Rivian Automotive has a net worth of $8.44 Billion. 

In 2022, Rivian made it to TIME’s List of 100 Most Influential Companies of the year 2022. However, the company has faced challenges in recent times, including a shortage of semiconductors, higher costs for other components, and a backlash from customers over retroactive price increases. Rivian has also had to reduce its workforce by 6% in response to high inflation, and rising interest rates. 

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5- Lucid Motors

Lucid Motors is an American manufacturer of luxury electric vehicles, headquartered in Newark, California. The company was founded in 2007 as Atieva, Inc., by Bernard Tse, Sam Weng, and Sheaupyng Lin. In 2016, the company was rebranded as Lucid Motors and announced its intent to develop an all-electric, high-performance luxury vehicle. 

Lucid’s CEO and CTO, Peter Rawlinson, joined the company in 2013 and utilized his experience as the former vice president of engineering and chief engineer of the Tesla Model S. 

Lucid’s first vehicle, the Lucid Air, is available in several trim levels, including the Lucid Air Pure, Touring, and Grand Touring models. The company’s second model, the Lucid Gravity SUV EV, is scheduled to be commercially available in 2024.

In 2023, Lucid Motors produced 8,428 vehicles and reported revenue of $595 million, despite facing a net loss of $2.8 billion. The company’s total assets were $8.51 billion, and total equity was $4.85 billion, with approximately 6,500 employees as of December 2023. As of April 2024, Lucid Motors has a net worth of $5.64 Billion.

On the other hand, Lucid Motors’ CEO, Peter Rawlinson, has also been the subject of criticism for his compensation plan, which reached $379 million in 2022. 

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The electric car market in the United States is thriving with innovative companies like Tesla, General Motors, Ford, Rivian, and Lucid Motors leading the charge towards a sustainable future. These companies are not just manufacturers; they are pioneers in revolutionizing transportation with cutting-edge technology and eco-friendly solutions.  

Tesla, with its sleek designs and advanced autopilot features, has set the benchmark for electric vehicles worldwide. General Motors, Ford, and other traditional giants in the automotive industry have also embraced electric mobility with their impressive lineups. With these companies pushing boundaries and driving innovation, the future of electric cars in the United States looks promising and exciting.


1- Which Company Sells the Most Electric Cars in the US?

Tesla is the company that sells the most electric cars. It has sold 161,000 electric vehicles in the United States.  

2- Which is the No. 1 EV Company in the World?

Tesla is a US-based EV company regarded as the leader in the EV market. 

3- Who is Tesla’s Biggest Competitor?

Ford, GM, and some Chinese manufacturers like BYD are some of Tesla’s main competitors. 

4- What is the Outlook for the EV Industry in 2024? 

According to a recent survey, 31% growth is expected in the EV industry in 2024.  

5- How Many Electric Cars are there in the US?

There are more than 2,531,206 electric vehicles in the United States. 

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

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