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10 Facts About Asia You Should Know

The world’s largest continent is Asia. Asia occupies 44.58 million square kilometers which is almost 30% of the planet’s surface. This continent is home to 48 countries, each with its unique history, culture, and recognition. Asia is a melting pot of languages, religions, and cuisines. Read this blog to uncover the top 10 interesting facts about Asia. 

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10 Interesting Facts About Asia

  • Asia is home to more than 60% of the global population
  • There are nearly 2,300 languages spoken in Asia
  • All of the world’s primary faiths originated in Asia
  • The world’s largest Muslim population lives in Indonesia
  • Japan has the second oldest population in the world 
  • To keep the “Barbarians” out, China built the Great Wall
  • China only has a one-time zone
  • In Vietnam, everyone has the same birthday
  • A separate poverty line exists throughout Asia
  • The world’s highest mountain is located in Asia

1- Asia is Home to more than 60% of the Global Population

Asia, the largest continent on Earth, is home to over 60% of the world’s population. As of 2024, Asia’s population stands at an astonishing 4,780,237,772, which is more than the combined population of the United States, Europe, and Africa.

A combination of factors drives the sheer scale of Asia’s population. One of the primary reasons is the rapid economic growth experienced by many Asian countries, particularly China and India. With the remarkable rate of economic growth in these two countries, millions of people have been lifted out of poverty and given access to new jobs and educational opportunities.  

Another key factor contributing to Asia’s massive population is its high birth rate. In many Asian countries, large families are still the norm, and the average number of children per woman is significantly higher than in Western societies. This means that the population of Asia is not only growing rapidly but also becoming younger, with a significant proportion of the population considered as youth.  

In terms of specific statistics, Asia’s population is projected to continue growing at a rate of 1.1% per year, with the United Nations estimating that the region’s population will reach 5.3 billion by 2050. This growth will be driven primarily by the continued rapid expansion of China and India, as well as the increasing populations of other Asian countries such as Indonesia, Pakistan, and the Philippines.

The implications of Asia’s massive population are far-reaching and complex. On the one hand, it presents significant challenges for governments and policymakers, who must work to ensure that the region’s infrastructure, healthcare systems, and education networks can cope with the demands of such a large and rapidly growing population. On the other hand, Asia’s population also presents enormous opportunities for economic growth and innovation.

2- There are Nearly 2,300 Languages Spoken in Asia

Asia is home to 2,300 languages, which is roughly 40% of the world’s total linguistic diversity. According to recent statistics, the most widely spoken Asian languages are Chinese, Hindi, Arabic, Urdu, Indonesian, Bengali, and Japanese. 

As of 2024, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has identified over 3,000 languages worldwide as endangered, with Asia accounting for nearly half of these languages. This alarming trend highlights the urgent need for language preservation efforts.

Cultural adaptation is one of the primary reasons for the decline of languages in Asia. As societies become more urbanized and connected globally, younger generations often abandon their native languages in favor of English and other foreign languages. It is essential to remember that this shift can lead to a loss of cultural identity and the disappearance of unique linguistic features.

Another significant factor contributing to language endangerment in Asia is the impact of colonialism. Many Asian countries were colonized by European powers, which often led to the imposition of foreign languages and the suppression of indigenous culture. 

Despite these challenges, there are many initiatives underway to document and preserve Asia’s linguistic diversity. The Endangered Languages Project, launched by Google in 2015, is a notable example. This interactive platform aims to catalog and raise awareness about the world’s endangered languages, including those spoken in Asia.

Governments and organizations are also implementing programs to support language revitalization. For instance, the Indian and Japanese governments have launched initiatives to promote the use of indigenous languages in education and official contexts. 

3- All of the World’s Primary Faiths Originated in Asia

Asia is the birthplace of diverse and influential religions that have shaped civilizations. From the ancient roots of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism in India to the birthplaces of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in the Middle East, Asia has been the root of profound beliefs.

As of 2024, Asia is home to 1.3 billion Muslims and 1.2 billion adherents of Hinduism. Buddhism, with 498 million adherents, represents 10.93% of the Asian populace. 

The Christian population in Asia stands at approximately 383 million. Jews form a smaller demographic, numbering 6.4 million, which is less than 1 percent of the overall population. 

The future projections for Asia’s religious landscape are equally fascinating. By 2050, Muslims are expected to reach nearly 1.5 billion. Hinduism is expected to increase from 1.2 billion to 1.4 billion. The Christian population in the region is also anticipated to grow by 2050. 

4- The world’s largest Muslim population lives in Indonesia

Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia. It is home to the world’s largest Muslim population. With over 242 million Muslims, it accounts for approximately 87% of the country’s total population and nearly 13% of the global Muslim population. This significant demographic is evidence of the profound impact of Islam on the country’s culture, traditions, and daily life. 

The history of Islam in Indonesia dates back to the 13th century when it was introduced by traders from Arabia and India. Over time, Islam influenced the local population and blended with existing beliefs and practices. 

Today, Indonesia is a predominantly Muslim nation, with the majority of its citizens identifying as Sunni Muslims. However, there is also a significant Shia Muslim population, particularly in regions such as Aceh, Central Java, and South Sulawesi.

The country’s economic growth and development are also influenced by its large Muslim population. Many Indonesian businesses and entrepreneurs are driven by Islamic values, such as the importance of fairness, honesty, and social responsibility. 

This has led to the growth of Islamic banking and finance, as well as the development of halal industries that cater to the country’s large Muslim consumer base.

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5- Japan has the Second Oldest Population in the World (After Monaco)

Japan is usually renowned for its technological advancements but it holds the distinction of having the second oldest population globally, following Monaco. The median age in Japan is 44.6 years and around 50,000 people are hundred years old. 

The aging population poses profound challenges for Japan’s economy. With a shrinking workforce and a growing number of retirees, there is a strain on social welfare systems and labor markets. 

Amidst all these issues, Japan has responded intelligently. The government is providing healthcare, pensions, and services to an increasing elderly population while grappling with skill shortages and reduced productivity due to a declining workforce.

6. To Keep the “Barbarians” Out, China Built the Great Wall

The Great Wall of China is one of the most iconic and inspiring structures in the world. It was built with a singular purpose: to keep the “barbarians” out. People all over the world have been amazed by the interesting history of this unbelievable defense tactic.

The origins of the Great Wall can be traced back to the Qin Dynasty (221-210 BCE), when the first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, unified the states and ordered the construction of a series of defensive walls to protect the newly established Chinese empire from the nomadic tribes to the north. 

The term “barbarians” was used by the ancient Chinese to refer to the nomadic tribes. These tribes were seen as a constant threat to the stability and security of the Chinese empire. The Great Wall was built as a physical barrier to deter these invaders and defend China against their raids. 

The Great Wall was not just a passive defensive structure but it was a strategic military asset that played a crucial role in the security and expansion of the Chinese empire. The wall was equipped with watchtowers, garrison stations, and signal fires that allowed the Chinese to monitor the movements of their northern neighbors and quickly mobilize troops in response to any threats. 

Today, the Great Wall of China remains a powerful symbol of the country’s resilience. The wall has become a source of national pride for the Chinese people and a must-see destination for millions of tourists from around the world. 

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7- China Only has a One-Time Zone

China stands out as a unique case when it comes to the concept of time zones. Unlike most countries, which typically have multiple time zones to accommodate their geographical expanse, China has a single time zone.

China’s decision to adopt a single time zone can be traced back to the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Before this, the country had been divided into five different time zones. However, the new communist government saw this as a barrier to national unity and integration, and they set out to create a more centralized system.

The primary reason for China’s one-time zone policy was to promote a stronger sense of national identity and promote the idea of a unified and centralized China. It was easier for the government to manage social, political, and economic activity all over the country in one time zone. 

Over the years, the one-time zone policy has also become a symbol of China’s national sovereignty and its desire to assert its own unique identity on the global stage, distinct from the Western-centric model of multiple time zones.

8- In Vietnam, Everyone has the Same Birthday

In Vietnam, there is a unique tradition where everyone celebrates the same birthday, known as “Tet Nguyen Dan” or the Vietnamese Lunar New Year. This interesting custom has deep historical roots and holds significant cultural importance that reflects the unity and shared heritage of the Vietnamese people.

The tradition of everyone in Vietnam celebrating the same birthday dates back centuries and is closely tied to the lunar calendar. Tet, which marks the beginning of the lunar new year, is a time of renewal, family gatherings, and cultural festivities. Celebrating the same birthday during Tet reinforces a sense of cultural unity and shared identity

Designating a single birthday for everyone also simplifies the process of celebrating birthdays. It ensures that all individuals, regardless of their background or beliefs, can participate in the festivities and feel included in the national celebration.

9- A Separate Poverty Line Exists Throughout Asia

Asia is often associated with economic growth and technological advancements but Asia also faces the challenge of poverty. In fact, Asia has its own poverty line, which is a crucial indicator of economic well-being and a benchmark for measuring the effectiveness of poverty reduction initiatives.

The concept of a poverty line in Asia dates back to the 1960s when the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) introduced the concept of a “minimum standard of living” to measure poverty. This standard was based on the idea that a person’s basic needs, such as food, clothing, and shelter, should be met to live a dignified life. 

One of the primary reasons behind poverty in Asia is unemployment and significant income inequality that exists across the continent. While some countries, such as Singapore, China, Japan, and South Korea, have achieved remarkable economic success, others continue to struggle with poverty. 

10- The World’s Highest Mountain is Located in Asia

Asia is home to some of the natural wonders, including the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest. Located in the majestic Himalayas, which stretch across several countries in South Asia, Mount Everest is a symbol of both the beauty and the challenges of the natural world.

Rising to a height of 29,032 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level, Mount Everest is the ultimate test of human endurance and determination. Its summit, known as the “roof of the world,” is a desired destination for mountaineers and adventurers from around the globe. 

The history of Mount Everest as a climbing destination dates back to the early 20th century when explorers and mountaineers began to seek out the challenge of conquering the world’s highest peak. In 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay from Nepal, became the first climbers to successfully reach the top of Mount Everest. 

While there are several stories of triumph, there are also some incidents of tragedies. According to the estimate, 300 people died during the summit of Mount Everest. 

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The facts about Asia presented in this blog showcase the remarkable diversity, contrasts, and unique characteristics of the world’s largest and most populous continent. The continent’s rich cultural heritage, innovative technologies, and natural wonders continue to captivate and inspire people around the globe. These facts highlight Asia’s role as a global leader in various domains. 


1- Who was the Biggest Ruler of Asia?

Genghis Khan was the biggest ruler of Asia. He was the founder and first khan of the Mongol Empire. 

2- What is Asia’s Main Religion?

Islam is the most followed religion in Asia as it is home to 1.3 billion Muslims in 2024. 

3- How many Languages are Spoken in Asia?

As of 2024, around 2300 languages are spoken in Asia. 

4- What is the Largest City in Asia?

Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is the largest and most populated city in Asia.  

5- Which is the Richest Country in Asia?

As of 2024, Singapore is the richest country in Asia. 

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

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