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Top 11 Famous Mosques in India

India is not just the largest country in the world, it is the third-largest country with the highest Muslim population after Indonesia and Pakistan. It is a diverse country with some of the most beautiful holy places for Muslims worldwide. Some awe-inspiring mosques in India are a must-visit for travelers. Here is a list of the famous mosques in India you should visit.   

List of 11 Famous Mosques in India

  1. Jama Masjid, Delhi
  2. Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad
  3. Taj-ul-Masajid, Bhopal
  4. Fatehpuri Masjid, Delhi
  5. Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad
  6. Moti Masjid, Agra
  7. Hazratbal Shrine, Srinagar
  8. Nagina Masjid, Champaner
  9. Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Delhi
  10. Adhai Din Ka Jhopra, Ajmer
  11. Nakhoda Mosque, Kolkata

1) Jama Masjid, Delhi

The magnificent Jama Masjid of Delhi is a prime example of Mughal architecture which is evidence of India’s beautiful cultural past. This enormous mosque was built in 1656 by Shah Jahan, the sixth Mughal Emperor. Being able to hold more than 25,000 worshipers makes it one of the biggest mosques in the nation.

With its colorful tiles, tall minarets, and detailed carvings, Jama Masjid is a sight to behold. As the sun sets, the mosque bathes in a warm, golden glow, offering a mesmerizing sight for visitors. The arching colonnades encircling the central courtyard encourage quiet reflection.

Climb the minaret for a comprehensive perspective of Old Delhi as the view is well worth the effort. Do not forget to visit the mosque’s large courtyard, where pigeons soar and create a lyrical sight against the red sandstone building.

Visit Jama Masjid during Eid-ul-Fitr, when it comes alive with celebratory passion to truly experience the spirit of the place. The lively marketplaces, like Chandni Chowk, that round the mosque provide a visual feast with their array of mouthwatering foods and lively stores.

Located in the center of the city, Jama Masjid is a must-visit location for history lovers and supporters of India’s rich cultural legacy. It is not just a place of worship but also a representation of architectural genius and cultural diversity.

2) Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad

Mecca Masjid is a remarkable example of Islamic architecture and holds great cultural value located in the center of Hyderabad. The mosque was commissioned by Hyderabad’s founder, Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, and finished in 1694 by his grandson. One of the biggest and oldest mosques in India, it was given the name “Mecca Masjid” due to the bricks it was built with soil that was transported from Mecca.

The mosque’s large courtyard can hold up to 10,000 worshippers thanks to its impressive granite construction and beautiful stucco work. Mecca Masjid’s magnificent main hall, which is supported by 15 arches composed of single black granite slabs adds even more beauty to the mosque.

Encircled by a colonnade of arched entrances, the peaceful courtyard invites visitors to explore and take in the peace that exists within its walls. The 75-foot tall minarets are worth the hike since they provide amazing views of the cityscape.

A unique opportunity to fully immerse oneself in the culture is offered by a visit to Mecca Masjid during the holy month of Ramadan. Big crowds assemble at the mosque for prayers, while the crowded marketplaces of the nearby Laad Bazaar add a celebratory atmosphere.

Mecca Masjid is a representation of the religious peace and rich history of Hyderabad that attracts devotees and history lovers alike with its architectural spectacle that transports visitors through time.

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3) Taj-ul-Masajid, Bhopal

The Taj-ul-Masajid, the ultimate example of Islamic architecture and a haven of spiritual peace is situated in the charming city of Bhopal. This magnificent mosque, commissioned in the 19th century by the well-known female queen Shah Jahan Begum, is evidence of the city’s rich cultural legacy.

Built using a magnificent combination of red sandstone and white marble, Taj-ul-Masajid is one of Asia’s biggest mosques. Thousands of worshippers may fit in its enormous courtyard, which fosters a sense of dedication and unity. The mosque’s architecture is characterized by its elaborate patterns, which include striking domes that break up the skyline and graceful minarets.

Inside, the vast prayer hall creates a calm environment for prayer and reflection by luring guests in with its grandeur and simplicity. The mosque’s aesthetic appeal is enhanced by the center courtyard, encircled by colonnades and fountains.

Climb the minarets for extensive city views and to photograph the amazing scenes of Bhopal and Taj-ul-Masajid. The mosque reflects the warm hues of the setting sun, making for an especially wonderful experience.

Religious holidays, particularly Eid, when the air is full of the joyful sounds of prayers and celebrations, bring Taj-ul-Masajid to life. The lively Bhopal markets, which round the mosque, provide a lovely selection of regional handicrafts and food. Embodying the rich cultural tradition of Bhopal, Taj-ul-Masajid is a must-visit site for anyone seeking a combination of architectural splendor and spiritual peace.

4) Fatehpuri Masjid, Delhi

Located in the center of Old Delhi, Fatehpuri Masjid is a historical gem that evokes memories of Mughal opulence. This mosque was finished in 1650 and was commissioned by one of the most famous people in Indian history, Fatehpuri Begum, the second wife of Emperor Shah Jahan.

The mosque’s red sandstone facade, white marble domes, and elaborately carved minarets are examples of its architecture, which skillfully combines Persian and Mughal elements. A massive water tank in the middle of the courtyard creates a peaceful oasis in the middle of Old Delhi’s busy streets.

The magnificent calligraphy and ornamental embellishments that adorn the walls and arches of Fatehpuri Masjid are a sight to behold for visitors. Because of its great size, the prayer hall can hold a large congregation during prayer times, fostering a sense of community worship.

Reaching the summit of the minarets provides sweeping views of Old Delhi, enabling guests to witness the contrast between the old mosque and the crowded marketplaces below. The mosque is a hub for both spiritual and cultural activities because of its proximity to the busy Chandni Chowk.

Fatehpuri Masjid attracts both tourists and believers with its passionate celebrations during festivals like Eid. With its wide selection of traditional crafts, textiles, and street food, the surrounding markets are a sensory feast. In the center of India’s capital city, Fatehpuri Masjid stands as a tribute to the Mughal era’s lasting influence with its magnificent architecture and rich history.

5) Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad’s Jama Masjid is a magnificent architectural marvel that perfectly captures the spirit of Indo-Islamic architecture. This mosque, which was constructed in 1424 under the rule of Ahmed Shah I, the man who founded Ahmedabad, stands as a testament to the rich cultural and historical heritage of the city.

Built using yellow sandstone, Jama Masjid is a complex example of Islamic and Hindu architecture combined. The spacious central courtyard of the mosque can hold a sizable gathering of worshippers. The building’s majesty is enhanced by the imposing central dome, which is held up by thin minarets.

The prayer hall of the mosque has an amazing collection of pillars, each one beautifully decorated with calligraphy and elaborate carvings. The central dome, which prominently displays the creative synthesis of the two cultures, and the finely carved mihrabs both demonstrate the unique combination of architectural forms.

A comprehensive view of the ancient city can be obtained by climbing the minarets, which enables tourists to take in the coexistence of many architectural influences and the historical setting. The busy marketplaces that encircle Jama Masjid, such as Manek Chowk and the neighboring Pols, provide a comprehensive look into Ahmedabad’s dynamic way of life.

Religious festivals bring Jama Masjid to life with unique prayers and joyous events that draw both residents and visitors. The mosque is a center of culture and spirituality that welcomes guests to learn about its historical significance and see the tasteful fusion of architectural styles that characterize Ahmedabad’s past.

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6) Moti Masjid, Agra

Moti Masjid is a precious gem of the ancient city of Agra also known as the Pearl Mosque. This mosque was commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan and is an example of the Mughal era’s exquisite architecture. Constructed in 1654 as a part of the Agra Fort complex, Moti Masjid is a calm haven made of white marble that contrasts sharply with the surrounding red sandstone buildings.

The word “Pearl Mosque,” which refers to the mosque’s brilliant aspect, refers to the pristine white marble that was utilized in its construction. The three bulbous domes, the thin minarets, and the large prayer hall with its elaborate calligraphy and floral designs are the architectural highlights of this wonder.

The courtyard of Moti Masjid, which is encircled by arched colonnades that enhance the mosque’s architectural beauty, offers a calm and composed area for meditation. The Mughal devotion to creating places of beauty and peacefulness for spiritual contemplation is reflected in the elegant yet sophisticated design.

For a broad perspective of the Agra Fort complex and the Taj Mahal in the distance, visitors can climb the minarets. The mosque’s historical significance as a place of prayer for the Mughal rulers is highlighted by its advantageous location inside the fort.

Inside the Agra Fort complex, Moti Masjid is a must-see location and a moving reminder of the Mughal architectural tradition. Amidst the rich history of Agra, the “Pearl Mosque” beckons visitors to savor the timeless beauty and lose themselves in the relaxed atmosphere.

7) Hazratbal Shrine, Srinagar

For the Muslim community residing in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, Hazratbal Shrine is a highly esteemed religious location. Known by many as the Hazratbal Mosque, this immaculate white building is a symbol of peace and faith that sits on Dal Lake’s northern banks.

Hazratbal Shrine, which was built with a unique combination of Mughal and Persian architectural traditions, is distinguished by its elaborate woodwork and imposing white dome. A relic kept in the mosque that is supposedly a hair strand belonging to Prophet Muhammad is on exhibit for the public to see on holy days.

Hazratbal shrine, which is encircled by beautiful gardens and set against the magnificent Dal Lake backdrop, provides a beautiful view for both worshippers and guests. In the center of Srinagar, Dal Lake’s reflecting waters add to the peaceful ambiance and create a spiritual sanctuary.

Hazratbal Shrine has a large gathering each year to commemorate the birth of Prophet Muhammad on Eid Milad-un-Nabi. The area comes alive with joyous celebrations as pilgrims from all over the region assemble to take part in prayers, demonstrating the community’s commitment and togetherness.

Besides being a place of worship, Hazratbal Shrine offers visitors a chance to take in the stunning architecture and rich cultural legacy of Kashmir. The surrounding neighborhood adds a sense of the local culture to the spiritual trip with its lively marketplaces and traditional handicrafts.

Hazratbal Shrine stands as a symbol of religious harmony and cultural richness, inviting visitors to embrace the spiritual aura and natural beauty that define this sacred site in the heart of Srinagar.

8) Nagina Masjid, Champaner

Nagina Masjid is a hidden jewel that exemplifies the Gujarat Sultanate’s architectural skill located within the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park. This mosque, which was constructed in the latter half of the 15th century, is evidence of the artistic and cultural developments of the time.

Nagina Masjid was built using the unique yellow sandstone from the area, and its facade is decorated with fine carvings and workmanship. The name of the mosque, “Nagina,” which means diamond, perfectly conveys the mosque’s historical value and priceless design.

The mosque’s main prayer hall is decorated with elaborate mihrabs and well-carved pillars, which give worshippers a peaceful area. The larger dome in the middle and the lesser domes around it enhance Nagina Masjid’s architectural beauty. With their elaborately carved balconies, the minarets create a striking visual spectacle against the Champaner countryside.

Nagina Masjid is an essential component of the broader Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, which includes an amazing array of remarkably preserved forts, mosques, and other buildings from the eighth to the 14th century. The location provides a singular window into the development of the area’s culture and architecture.

Explore the archeological park at Nagina Masjid to experience the medieval atmosphere and admire the blend of Islamic and Hindu architectural elements. The neighboring Pavagadh Hill and picturesque surroundings add to the experience, making it an engrossing trip through time and culture. As a reminder of the rich historical heritage of the Champaner people, Nagina Masjid welcomes both history lovers and adventurers to discover the secrets and wonders of this architectural gem hidden deep in Gujarat.

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9) Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Delhi

Located in Delhi’s famous Qutub Minar complex, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque is a superb example of early Indo-Islamic architecture. This mosque was built in the late 12th century by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the first Sultan of Delhi, and symbolizes the beginning of Islamic dominance in northern India.

Translating to the “Might of Islam,” the word “Quwwat-ul-Islam” denotes the metaphorical victory of the new religion. The mosque features a distinctive integration of architectural styles, having been constructed from components from destroyed Hindu and Jain temples.

The iconic iron pillar within the mosque courtyard is a marvel in itself. Dating back to the 4th century, the iron pillar remains rust-free, baffling scientists and adding an intriguing historical dimension to the mosque.

The prayer hall of the mosque, which is distinguished by its finely carved arches and pillars, is an example of the early blending of Islamic and Hindu architectural features. The Qutub Minar, a nearby imposing minaret, enhances the complex’s majesty.

The Alai Darwaza and the Tomb of Iltutmish are two historical remains that visitors to Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque can explore and which add to the site’s rich historical narrative. The complex offers an engrossing voyage through India’s early Islamic history.

Besides being a historical wonder, the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque is a representation of the cultural combination that shaped the era’s architectural style. Examining this famous mosque provides an insight into the many architectural styles that have defined the area over centuries, as well as Delhi’s vibrant past.

10) AAdhai Din Ka Jhopra, Ajmer

Located in Ajmer, Rajasthan, Adhai Din Ka Jhopra is an ancient mosque that tells an intriguing story of architectural growth and cultural absorption. Built-in the early 13th century, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the first Sultan of Delhi, is thought to have first had this mosque built as a Sanskrit college before converting it into a mosque.

The meaning of the term “Adhai Din Ka Jhopra” is “The Hut of Two and a Half Days,” which is a colloquial expression that refers to how quickly the mosque was built. Despite its humble origins, the mosque boasts a remarkable blend of Indo-Islamic design, with arched screens, pillars with detailed carvings, and elaborate calligraphy.

One of the mosque’s unique characteristics is its Indo-Arabic architectural style, which represents the integration of Islamic and Hindu components. The prayer hall is distinguished by several pillars and domes that are richly ornamented, offering guests a visual feast.

Adhai Din Ka Jhopra’s open courtyard provides a calm setting for meditation and prayer. A fascinating historical transition of the edifice is hinted at by the vestiges of Hindu temple decorations and the intricate latticework on the screens.

Discovering more ancient buildings in the vicinity of the mosque, such as the Adhai-din-ka-Jhonpra and Taragarh Fort, is a unique way to see Ajmer’s diverse culture.

Along with being a place of worship, Adhai Din Ka Jhopra is a stark example of the integration of cultures that characterized the Middle Ages. This medieval city invites tourists to explore the layers of time and observe the harmonious coexistence of several cultural influences, making it a remarkable chapter in India’s architectural history.

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11) Nakhoda Mosque, Kolkata

The Nakhoda Mosque is a magnificent architectural feat that bears witness to the city’s abundant cultural diversity and historical legacy situated in the energetic city of Kolkata, West Bengal. Constructed in the initial decades of the 1900s, this mosque holds great religious and cultural significance for the nearby Muslim populace.

“Nakhoda” means “Mariner,” signifying the mosque’s association with the riverine and nautical pursuits that have traditionally characterized Kolkata. The Arab and Persian seafarers who settled in the area provided the majority of the mosque’s funding through their gifts.

The architecture of the Nakhoda Mosque is a powerful bond of Mughal and Indo-Saracenic forms. The mosque’s front is adorned with elaborate decorations, tall minarets, and spectacular domes. Worshippers are in awe of the prayer hall’s magnificence, which is enhanced with exquisite chandeliers and calligraphy.

Major Islamic holidays bring the mosque to life, especially on Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha when a sizable crowd of worshippers gathers there. The lively markets that encircle Nakhoda Mosque contribute to the joyous ambiance by providing a fantastic selection of traditional cuisine, clothing, and other items.

Besides being a house of prayer, Nakhoda Mosque serves as a cultural center, showcasing the various customs and backgrounds that have influenced Kolkata. The mosque is situated on the busy Chitpur Road, which enhances the immersive experience by letting guests discover the lively and dynamic nature of the city.

The Nakhoda Mosque is a well-known monument that offers visitors and worshippers alike a view into Kolkata’s rich religious and cultural history. Its striking architecture and the unity it stands for in this bustling city are sure to delight everyone who sees it.

Conclusion

India is home to more than 600,000 mosques that converge history, culture, and spirituality. Whether you seek architectural wonders or moments of spiritual reflection, these mosques beckon with open courtyards, echoing the past and present. If you want to witness the beauty and significance encapsulated within these sacred spaces, visit the famous mosques in India and indulge yourself in a soul-stirring journey of peace. 

FAQs

How Many Mosques in India?

India is home to more than 600,000 mosques which is more than most Islamic religious countries. 

Which Is the First Masjid in India?

The first mosque built in India was the Cheraman Juma Masjid in Kodungallur, Kerala. According to historical accounts, it was constructed in the 7th century AD during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad. This makes Cheraman Juma Masjid one of the oldest mosques in the Indian subcontinent and an important historical and religious site in India.

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

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