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10 Largest Economies In The World

The United States has retained its status as the largest economy following China, Japan, Germany, India, and the United Kingdom (UK). They are all the world’s largest economies as per their Gross Domestic Product (GDP). A country’s GDP is the financial representation of the market value of all the finished goods and services produced in a specific period by a country. Governments use GDP to measure and assess the status of their economy. A country’s GDP shows how large the economy is and what status it holds in the internal economic landscape. From the economic giants like the USA to the emerging economies in Asia, Europe, and Africa, the largest economies play a pivotal role in policy-making, international trade and commerce, and the global markets.

Read About: Diverse Types of Political Economy

List of 10 Biggest Economies in the World

Here is the list of the top 10 largest economies in the world;

  • USA
  • China
  • Germany
  • Japan
  • India 
  • UK 
  • France 
  • Italy
  • Brazil
  • Canada

1) United States

The United States has retained its status as the world’s largest economy since 1960. The GDP of the US is $26,954 billion with a 1.6% annual GDP growth rate. The following sectors have boosted the US economy, including finance, technology, real estate, healthcare, and professional and business services. The US, the producer of the world’s primary reserve currency , can maintain a significant external national debt and become the world’s dominant geopolitical power. Further, the United States possesses resilient infrastructure, promotes innovation and entrepreneurial spirit, and enjoys a substantial consumer market. 

2) China

China with its boosting economy has become the second-largest economy in 2024. The GDP of China is $17,786 billion with a 5.2% annual GDP growth rate. China has become a strong competitor against the US in the global economy. Some economists also speculate that in the upcoming time, China may surpass the US economy and will become the world’s largest economy. Since China has adopted liberal economic policies, its economy depends upon the free market, privatization, infrastructural advancement, and domestic manufacturing which has also made China the largest exporter of the world. 

Also Read: Why Is China Not a Superpower?

3) Germany

Germany ranks at the third position in the largest economies of the world following the United States and China. The GDP of Germany is $4,430 billion with a  -0.1% annual GDP growth rate.  With the highest GDP, Germany is the European largest economy. Germany’s economy is strongly based on exports and is famous for its precision in the vehicles, engineering, pharmaceutical, Chemical, machinery, and other manufacturing sectors. Further, skilled labor, innovation, and high research and development initiatives have contributed to the economy of Germany. 

However, there are some demographic challenges faced by Germany that restrict its economic growth, such as a low fertility rate leading to less workforce, and its social welfare system is strained by the high level of net migration. 

4) Japan

The notable economy of Japan makes it the fourth largest economy in the world. The GDP of Japan is $4,231 billion with a 1.3% annual GDP growth rate. Japan’s strong economy is significantly dependent upon cooperation between the government and advanced technological industry, which has made it an export-oriented economy. After experiencing the great recession in the 1990s, Japan has boosted its economy in recent years under the leadership of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Japan has distinguished itself due to its pioneering technological advancements, manufacturing prowess, superior quality, service industry, and unwavering work ethic. 

However, as  Japan has less access to natural resources, it has to depend upon energy imports. Japan is still struggling with its nuclear power industry and rapidly aging population. 

5) India 

India has attained the status of the fifth-largest economy in the world. The GDP of India is $3,730 billion with a 5.9% annual GDP growth rate. With the booming modern industry and technology and mechanized agriculture, India is the largest economy in South Asia. The economic growth of India depends on manufacturing, agriculture, information technology, and services. India has one of the greatest IT (Information Technology) industries with a wide domestic market and a technologically skilled labor force. India is also a major exporter of business outsourcing and technology which contributes a big share to the economic output of India. 

However, India also faces some challenges including widespread corruption, inflexible business regulation, and consistent poverty restraining its economic development. 

6) United Kingdom 

The United Kingdom is the sixth-largest economy in the world. The GDP of the UK is $3,332 billion with a -0.3% annual GDP growth rate. Its economy blends finance, services, manufacturing, and creative sectors. The economic growth of the UK is shaped by globalization and its trade alliances with other states. London attracts foreign investments and functions as an international financial center. The economy of the UK is dependent on finance and business services, insurance, and the services sector. Further, the trading relationship of the UK with European nations is complicated due to Brexit. Currently, the UK is not a part of the European Union (EU), but the negotiations and talks over trade relations are still ongoing between the two. 

7) France 

France is the seventh-largest economy in the world. The GDP of France is $3,052 billion with a 0.7% annual GDP growth rate. The economy of France is highly dependent upon tourism, diversification, aerospace, agricultural sector, and luxury goods. France has been famous for its substantial investment in research and innovation, well-established infrastructure, and robust social welfare system. The economy of France is characterized as mixed, it has private and semi-private companies and businesses within a wide range of industries. Every year, France receives millions of visitors which enhances the tourism industry and contributes a high share to the economy of France. 

However, the involvement of the French government in favor of social equality in the economic system of France poses a great challenge to its economic growth. 

8) Italy

Italy is the eighth-largest economy in the world. The GDP of Italy is $2,190 billion with a 0.7% annual GDP growth rate. Italy, with the most developed market, is the third-largest economy in the European continent. Its economy is dependent on the agricultural industry and pioneering business sector.

Despite this, Italy is among the largest economies in the world and has faced many challenges including weak banking, high public debt, inefficient labor, youth unemployment, an inefficient court system, and a large underground economy. 

9) Brazil

Brazil is the ninth-largest economy in the world. The GDP of Brazil is $2,132 billion with a 0.9% annual GDP growth rate. Due to its diversification, it is also the largest economy in South America. The Brazilian economy depends on various sectors including agriculture, manufacturing, mining, services, domestic consumption, advanced infrastructure, and commodity prices. It has been a hub of heavy industry such as automotive and aircraft production, agricultural production,  and energy resource extraction. It is the major exporter of soybeans and coffee. 

However, after facing a severe recession in 2017, Brazil adopted a series of economic reforms, investing in the energy infrastructure, attracting foreign investment, and improving the conditions of the labor market. 

10) Canada

The economy of Canada is the 10th largest economy in the world. The GDP of Canada is $2,122 billion with a 1.5% annual GDP growth rate. It has the third-largest proven oil reserves in the world. The economy of Canada encompasses the energy extraction sector and highly relies on natural resources such as minerals, oil, gas, and timber. Moreover, it fosters technological advancement and innovation and thrives in the services sector. Canada enjoys a friendly trade relationship with the world’s largest economy, the United States. Three-quarters of Canadian exports go to the US market every year making it one of the largest exporters in the world. 

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In conclusion, the world’s largest economies serve as the engine or the driving force of global economic development. Most of these are highly dependent on the technological infrastructure and development following the agricultural sector. Currently, the US is the largest economy in the world and China is the second-largest economy in the world. For the last two decades, China has been rising fast due to the changes in its economic policies. With the one-political party system, China has adopted liberal economic policies and the free markets which have allowed China to be the competitor of the US in the international economic market. 

Moreover, economic performance, Gross Domestic Product, trade relations, economic policies, political stability, fiscal policies, international cooperation, and sustainable development are the main factors that calculate the economic conditions and the value of the state. These largest economies help small states grow economically by offering investment, strategic engagement, and collaboration. 


What is the world’s fastest-growing economy?

Guyana is the fastest-growing economy with the world’s highest real GDP growth rate by 2024. The economy will expand to 34.2% due to its booming oil sector and consolidate Guyana as the world’s fastest-growing economy in 2024.

Which country is seen as the best economy in the future?

China became the second-largest economy in 2024 and has established itself as a major powerhouse. According to economists, China will be the biggest economy by 2075. 

What is the poorest economy in the world? 

African countries are among the poor countries economically such as Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and other African countries. 

On what factors do the US economy depend?

The US economy depends upon strong privatization, business investment, foreign direct investments, liberal marketplaces, and liberal economic policies. 

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

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