You are currently viewing Top 10 Largest Gold Mines in the World By Production

Top 10 Largest Gold Mines in the World By Production

Gold mining is a global business with numerous companies digging for more gold. Some gold mines in the world produce millions of ounces of gold annually. Where are those mines? How much gold do they produce? Here is the list of the 10 largest gold mines in the world with all you need to know about them. 

Read More, Countries With Largest Oil Reserves

List of 10 Largest Gold Mines in the World

  1. Olimpiada mine
  2. Grasberg mine
  3. Muruntau mine
  4. Carlin Trend
  5. Boddington mine
  6. Kibali Gold Mine
  7. Detour Lake Mine
  8. Cortez Gold Mine
  9. Pueblo Viejo mine
  10. Lihir mine

1) Olimpiada mine

Olimpiada mine is the largest gold mine in the world situated in the Severo-Yeniseysk District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. Olimpiada, run by Polyus Gold, demonstrated its enormous output in 2022 with an estimated 1,998,000 ounces of gold produced. With an astounding 24.5 million ounces of known and probable gold reserves, this mine is a major participant in the worldwide gold mining market.

Olimpiada, which is located in the resource-rich Siberian region, has a good geological setting that increases its productivity. Because of their high gold concentration, the Olimpiada and Blagodatnoye deposits are the main resources that the mine uses. Gold-bearing ores can be extracted efficiently thanks to advanced mining processes, such as the utilization of both open-pit and underground mining methods.

Polyus Gold has made significant investments in infrastructure and technology to guarantee Olimpiada’s high operational efficiency and sustainability. Modern processing facilities that improve gold recovery rates and lessen their impact on the environment are part of this. Because it creates jobs and promotes regional growth, the mine is vital to the local economy.

Olimpiada’s noteworthy production, extensive reserves, and sophisticated operations reinforce its standing as a preeminent worldwide gold mine, mirroring Russia’s prominent role in the industry as well as Polyus Gold’s proficiency in the field.

2) Grasberg mine

One of the biggest and most productive gold and copper mines in the world is the Grasberg mine, which is situated in the Indonesian state of Papua. This enormous mine, which is run by PT Freeport Indonesia, a Freeport-McMoRan subsidiary, has outstanding output and reserves. With an estimated 1,798,000 ounces of gold and 690 million pounds of copper produced in 2022, Grasberg made a substantial contribution to the mining sector.

The Sudirman Mountain Range’s high elevation of Grasberg poses logistical difficulties as well as placing the mine in an area with abundant mineral deposits. Both open-pit and underground mining operations are part of the mine. Although the once-largest open-pit mine in the world has moved to underground mining, this change has made it possible to reach higher-grade, deeper ore deposits.

The known and probable reserves of the Grasberg mineral district are expected to contain 29.2 billion pounds of copper and 27.1 million ounces of gold. Modern block-caving methods have been incorporated into the mine’s development to improve the efficiency and security of ore extraction. Furthermore, smooth operations are ensured by large expenditures in infrastructure, such as transportation networks and processing centers.

The Grasberg mine is essential to Indonesia’s economy since it creates a large number of jobs and promotes regional growth. Grasberg’s position as a top mining company in the world is maintained by continuous efforts to strike a balance between resource extraction and sustainable methods, despite social and environmental obstacles.

Also Read: Top Gold Producing Countries in the World

3) Muruntau mine

Situated in Uzbekistan’s Kyzylkum Desert, the Muruntau mine is one of the world’s biggest open-pit gold mines. Muruntau, which is controlled by the state-owned Navoi Mining & Metallurgy Combinat (NMMC), demonstrated its enormous production capacity in 2022 by producing over 1,700,000 ounces of gold.

The estimated reserves of this mine are more than 170 million ounces of gold, which is very extraordinary. The Muruntau pit is a massive enterprise that stretches 3.35 kilometers in length, 2.5 kilometers in width, and 560 meters in depth. It dominates the surrounding terrain. Sophisticated mining methods, such as blasting, loading, hauling, and drilling, make it easier to remove this enormous ore body effectively.

Since its discovery in 1958, the Muruntau deposit has generated a huge amount of income and employment for Uzbekistan. Utilizing state-of-the-art technology, the mine’s processing plant improves gold recovery rates. To get the highest yield from the extracted ore, this involves heap leaching, carbon-in-pulp (CIP), and carbon-in-leach (CIL) procedures.

Apart from its remarkable output and reserves, Muruntau is an important player in the world gold market. The ongoing production of the mine makes Uzbekistan one of the top producers of gold in the world. Muruntau’s continued relevance in the mining industry is further highlighted by efforts to modernize and expand operations, which represent the region’s historical significance as well as its promise for the future.

4) Carlin Trend

One of the most active gold mining areas in the world is the Carlin Trend, which is situated in northeastern Nevada, United States. This geological deposit, which is roughly 40 miles long and 5 miles wide, has generated more than 90 million ounces of gold since it was discovered in 1961. The gold deposit type associated with this trend is called “Carlin-type,” and it is distinguished by microscopic gold particles embedded in sedimentary rock.

Several mines in the Carlin Trend are operated by Newmont Corporation, one of the top mining firms in the world; these mines include the Carlin, Gold Quarry, and Leeville mines. Over 1,571,000 ounces of gold were produced by Newmont’s facilities in the Carlin Trend in 2022, demonstrating the region’s substantial productivity. An estimated 27 million ounces are the known and probable deposits of the trend, guaranteeing production for many years to come.

Depending on the location and depth of the ore deposits, mining in the Carlin Trend uses both underground and open-pit methods. Extensive infrastructure and cutting-edge technologies enable the effective extraction and processing of ores holding gold. Because of the region’s complicated geology, advanced techniques for exploration and extraction are needed to optimize yield while reducing environmental effects.

Nevada’s economy depends heavily on the Carlin Trend, which creates a large number of jobs and helps the state maintain its status as the nation’s top producer of gold. As long as fresh resources are found through ongoing exploration and development, the Carlin Trend will continue to be a major factor in the world’s gold mining industry.

Also Read: Biggest Tea Producers in the World

5) Boddington mine

Boddington mine is one of the biggest gold mines in the world and it is located in Western Australia. This mine, which is run by Newmont Corporation, is now a valuable asset in the company’s holdings. Boddington demonstrated its dual production capabilities in 2022 by producing more than 56 million pounds of copper and almost 813,000 ounces of gold.

Situated around 120 kilometers to the southeast of Perth, the Boddington mine encompasses both open-pit mining activities and substantial processing infrastructure. Its substantial copper deposits and around 19.5 million ounces of known and probable gold reserves highlight its long-term production potential. With a main hole that is 3.5 kilometers long, 1.5 kilometers wide, and up to 700 meters deep, the mine spans a vast area.

At Boddington, Newmont has made significant technological investments, such as the installation of autonomous haul trucks that improve efficiency and safety. High recovery rates are guaranteed by the mine’s processing plant, which extracts gold and copper from the ore using cyanide leaching and flotation techniques.

Boddington is vital to the local and regional economy since it supports a wide range of enterprises and creates a significant number of jobs. One of the main priorities is environmental management, and Newmont is taking steps to reduce the ecological impact of the mine, such as water management systems and rehabilitation initiatives.

6) Kibali Gold Mine

One of the biggest gold mines in Africa is the Kibali Gold Mine, which is situated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Kibali, which is run by Barrick Gold Corporation in collaboration with AngloGold Ashanti and the Congolese government, is a prime example of successful large-scale mining. With an estimated 749,000 ounces of gold produced in 2022, the mine maintained its position as a major contributor to the world’s gold production.

The Kibali Gold Mine is located close to the town of Doko in the northeastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is a large mine that operates both underground and open-pit. With 8.3 million ounces of gold estimated in the mine’s proved and probable reserves, lengthy mine life and consistent production are guaranteed. Modern processing facilities in Kibali’s infrastructure make use of cyanide leaching, flotation, and gravity separation to optimize gold recovery.

The growth of Kibali has had a major effect on the local economy, creating jobs and supporting community development programs. The mine boosts local companies and creates jobs for thousands of people, which promotes stability and economic development in the area. Barrick and its partners have made investments in community-beneficial social programs that include infrastructure upgrades, healthcare, and education.

The Kibali Gold Mine is a prominent African gold mining operation that plays a vital role in the DRC’s mining sector and the worldwide gold market. Its outstanding production, large reserves, and commitment to sustainability and community development further solidify its reputation.

7) Detour Lake Mine

One of the biggest gold mines in North America is the Detour Lake Mine, which is situated in northern Ontario, Canada. Detour Lake, which is run by Agnico Eagle Mines Limited, has grown to be a significant source of gold for the business. The mine yielded about 732,570 ounces of gold in 2022, demonstrating its noteworthy production and contribution to the gold mining sector.

Detour Lake has significant gold reserves, estimated to be between 15 million ounces of proven and probable gold. With a surface area of roughly 3.8 kilometers in length and 1.4 kilometers in width, the mine is an open-pit operation. High-grade ore can be extracted from deep within the soil because of the pit’s 700-meter depth.

In-depth infrastructure and cutting-edge mining methods enable Detour Lake’s effective gold extraction and processing. To attain high recovery rates, the mine’s processing plant uses traditional milling techniques such as crushing, grinding, gravity separation, and cyanidation. The mine’s operating efficiency and safety have been significantly improved by investments in automation and technology.

Detour Lake Mine contributes significantly to the local economy by fostering area companies and creating a large number of job opportunities. The existence of the mine has boosted local economies and infrastructure in the surrounding areas. Agnico Eagle Mines Limited has made a commitment to environmental stewardship by putting strict environmental management procedures into place, including waste management, reclamation of land, and water treatment.

Also Read: Natural Gas Producing Countries

8) Cortez Gold Mine

Situated in Lander County in north-central Nevada, the United States, the Cortez Gold Mine is among the biggest and most efficient gold mines globally. Cortez, run by Barrick Gold Corporation, is a significant player in the worldwide gold mining market with a long history. About 731,700 ounces of gold were produced by Cortez in 2022, indicating a significant contribution from the mine to Barrick’s total production.

Cortez is made up of several different mining operations, such as the Cortez Hills underground mine and the Pipeline, Crossroads, and Cortez Hills open-pit mines. With estimated proven and probable gold reserves of about 10 million ounces, the mine is expected to continue producing for a very long time. The main hole, which is 500 meters deep, 1.2 kilometers wide, and 1.6 kilometers long, is the center of the extensive mining operations.

At Cortez, sophisticated mining methods like heap leaching and milling are used to effectively extract gold. To optimize gold recovery, the mine’s processing facilities employ both carbon-in-leach (CIL) and cyanide leaching techniques. Cortez is a leader in mining innovation thanks to investments in technology and automation, which have increased operating efficiency and safety.

9) Pueblo Viejo mine

One of the biggest gold mines in the world is Pueblo Viejo, which is situated in the Dominican Republic. Operating as a joint venture between Barrick Gold (60%) and Newmont Corporation (40%), Pueblo Viejo Dominicana Corporation has made a name for itself as a major participant in the world gold mining market. With almost 713,300 ounces of gold produced in 2022, Pueblo Viejo demonstrated its enormous production capacity.

Pueblo Viejo has significant deposits, with an estimated 6.55 million ounces of proven and probable gold. The mine’s substantial silver deposits also contribute to its total production. The expansive mine has both open-pit mining operations and state-of-the-art processing facilities.

Modern mining methods are used at Pueblo Viejo, such as pressure oxidation (POX) technology, which is essential for treating the high-sulfide refractory ore that is present in the area. By guaranteeing high rates of gold and silver recovery, this cutting-edge technology maximizes the extraction procedure. A sizable processing facility, tailings storage facilities, and water treatment systems are all part of the mine’s infrastructure, which guarantees effective and ecologically friendly operations.

The Dominican Republic’s economy greatly benefits from Pueblo Viejo, which creates a large number of jobs and substantially boosts national income. By supporting local infrastructure projects, healthcare, education, and other community development programs, the mine raises the standard of living for those who live nearby.

Pueblo Viejo places a high priority on environmental management, putting policies in place to reduce the ecological impact of the mine. These include systematic approaches to managing water resources, initiatives to conserve biodiversity, and forward-thinking plans for reclaiming land.

The Pueblo Viejo mine is a prominent gold mining operation that has a substantial impact on the economy of the Dominican Republic and the global gold market. Its spectacular production, huge reserves, and commitment to sustainability and community development further solidify its reputation.

Also Read: Uranium Producing Countries

10) Lihir mine

One of the biggest gold mines in the world is the Lihir mine, which is located on Lihir Island in Papua New Guinea. Lihir, which is run by Newcrest Mining Limited, is well known for its substantial gold production and enormous reserves. With an estimated 701,800 ounces of gold produced in 2022, the mine made a significant contribution to both the world gold market and Newcrest’s portfolio.

With proven and probable reserves estimated to be over 23 million ounces, Lihir has excellent gold reserves. Utilizing sophisticated methods and a vast infrastructure, the open-pit mine effectively extracts and processes ore that contains gold. The pit’s impressive proportions include a diameter of more than 1,000 meters and a maximum depth of 300 meters.

Utilizing geothermal energy to power its activities, the Lihir mine makes use of the island’s inherent geothermal resources. This lowers the carbon impact of the mine and offers a sustainable energy source. Lihir’s processing facilities use traditional techniques to extract as much gold as possible from refractory ore, such as flotation, grinding, crushing, and autoclave pressure oxidation.

Lihir is vital to the economy of Papua New Guinea since it supports regional companies and creates jobs for thousands of people. The people of the island gain from Newcrest Mining’s investments in community development programs, which prioritize infrastructure, healthcare, and education. 

NoName of MineCountryProduction (ounces)
1Olimpiada mineRussia1,998,000
2Grasberg mineIndonesia1,798,000
3Muruntau mineUzbekistan1,700,000
4Carlin TrendUnited States1,571,000
5Boddington mineAustralia813,000
6Kibali Gold MineDR Congo749,000
7Detour Lake MineCanada732,570
8Cortez Gold MineUnited States731,700
9Pueblo Viejo mineDominican Republic713,300
10Lihir minePapua New Guinea701,800

Also Read, Largest Silver Producing Countries


This article listed the top 10 largest gold mines in the world. Olimpiada mine tops the chart with almost 2 million ounces of gold produced in 2022. In this blog, you get to know all about these mines, their location, gold production, and much more. Their contribution to the global market cannot be understated. As the price of gold has sky-rocketed over the years, these mines play a huge role in the economies of the countries they are located in.


Which Country Holds the Most Gold Reserves?

The United States of America holds the most gold reserves in the world with 8,133.46 tons of reserves.

Which Country Produces the Most Gold?

China produces over 370 metric tons of gold annually, making it the country with the largest gold production in the world.

Which Country Mines the Purest Gold?

Countries like Switzerland, Australia, and Canada are known for mining the best quality of gold in the world. 

Where Is the Oldest Gold Mine?

According to various reputable sources, the Sakdirsi gold mine is considered the oldest in the world. The site is as old as the early 3rd millennium BC or the second half of the 4th millennium.

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

Leave a Reply