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Top 11 Natural Gas Producing Countries in 2024

Natural gas is a vital component of the world’s energy system since it burns cleaner than coal and oil. The top nations that produce natural gas use their enormous reserves and cutting-edge technology to power both home and foreign markets. Here is the list of the top 11 natural gas-producing countries in the world. 

List of 11 Major Natural Gas Producing Countries

  1. United States
  2. Russia
  3. Iran
  4. Canada
  5. Algeria
  6. Qatar
  7. Norway
  8. China
  9. Saudi Arabia
  10. United Arab Emirates
  11. Indonesia

1) United States

After a dramatic change in recent years, the United States has become a major player in the global natural gas market. Drilling technology advancements, especially in hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling, have caused the United States to lead the industry in natural gas output. 

The United States surpassed established powers like Russia to become the world’s top producer of natural gas in 2022, solidifying its place as a major participant in the energy sector. Abundant shale gas reserves, particularly in areas like the Marcellus and Permian basins, have propelled this seismic change.

The United States produced more than 32,914,647,000 MMcf of natural gas in 2023, making up around 23% of the world’s total production. Furthermore, forecasts point to ongoing growth; in the upcoming years, the EIA expects US natural gas production to reach record highs.

Besides enhancing domestic energy security, this production boom has established the United States as a major natural gas exporter, with LNG facilities enabling global trade. As a result, the US continues to exert influence and spur innovation in the quest for energy independence, thereby influencing the dynamics of the global natural gas market.

Also Read: Natural Resources of USA

2) Russia

Russia is one of the major producers of natural gas in the world, and it has a big say in the world energy markets. With its enormous natural gas reserves, especially in Siberia and the Yamal Peninsula, Russia has long been known for having an abundance of natural gas.

Russia’s critical role is highlighted by data from the International Energy Agency (IEA), which shows that it routinely ranks among the top producers of natural gas. Over 22,728,734,000 MMcf of natural gas were extracted in Russia in 2023, making up almost 17% of the global production.

Russia’s largest state-owned energy company, Gazprom, is in charge of all of the country’s natural gas projects. It manages enormous extraction projects and gigantic pipeline networks that straddle both Europe and Asia. These pipelines strengthen Russia’s position as a major supplier of natural gas to global markets, including the well-known Nord Stream and TurkStream projects.

Moreover, Russia’s strategic alliances, especially with European nations that heavily depend on its natural gas exports, solidify its place as an essential participant in world energy geopolitics. Russia is unwavering in its resolve to hold onto its position as the world’s top producer and exporter of natural gas, even in the face of geopolitical unrest and demand swings.

Also Read: Natural Resources of the UK

3) Iran

Iran plays a major role in the global energy scene because of its large natural gas reserves. Iran has one of the greatest proven natural gas reserves in the world, mostly concentrated in the South Pars/North Dome Gas-Condensate field, which it shares with Qatar.

Iran ranks third in the list of the biggest natural gas-producing countries with 9,097,956,245 MMcf natural gas produced in 2023. This is in line with Russia’s reserves. Iran is now considered a major supplier of natural gas, especially in the Middle East because of its wealth of natural gas resources.

To support both local consumption and export capacities, the nation has made significant investments in natural gas infrastructure, including pipelines and liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities. Iran’s strategic significance in the global natural gas trade is further enhanced by its geographic proximity to important energy markets in Asia, Europe, and the Middle East.

Iran’s capacity to properly utilize its natural gas resources has been hampered by geopolitical unrest and international sanctions. Iran is determined to increase its influence in the energy industry despite these obstacles, and it has plans to invest in and build its natural gas infrastructure.

4) Canada

Canada has significant reserves and a strong production capability, making it a powerful player in the global natural gas market. Canada is one of the world’s top natural gas producers due to its enormous territory and plenty of resources.

Canada makes a major contribution to the world’s natural gas supply, according to data from the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP). The nation produced more than 6,751,698,275 MMcf of natural gas in 2023, securing its place among the top five producers worldwide.

Canada’s natural gas production is mostly driven by the provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan, with significant contributions from prolific shale formations like the Montney and Duvernay. Furthermore, Canada enjoys the advantages of a well-established infrastructure, such as vast pipeline networks that permit export to the United States and domestic distribution.

Furthermore, Canada’s dedication to sustainable energy methods is in line with international initiatives to lower greenhouse gas emissions. The nation has improved its competitiveness in the global energy market by making progress in developing technologies for cleaner natural gas production and processing.

5) Algeria

Algeria has a long history of producing gas and has large reserves, making it a major player in the global natural gas market. Algeria, a country in North Africa, has a wealth of natural gas resources, most of which are found in the Hassi R’Mel field, one of the biggest gas fields in the world.

Algeria’s significance as a producer of natural gas is highlighted by data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). With more than 6,491,744,560 MMcf generated in 2023, the nation ranked among Africa’s leading producers of natural gas and made a significant contribution to the world market.

The state-owned energy firm Sonatrach, which is essential to the exploration, extraction, and export of natural gas, controls the majority of the natural gas market in Algeria. Due to its vast pipeline network, which includes connections to Europe through Spain, the nation is regarded as a dependable supplier to global markets.

Due to its advantageous location near Europe, substantial reserves, and well-established infrastructure, Algeria is now a major supplier of natural gas to the European Union. To improve its standing in the international energy market and diversify its export destinations, Algeria has also been aggressively pursuing new markets, mainly in Asia.

6) Qatar

Qatar is a prominent player in the worldwide natural gas production market, recognized for its substantial reserves and astute energy sector activities. The largest non-associated natural gas field in the world, North Field, is shared by Iran and Qatar, both of which are located in the Persian Gulf.

Information from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) highlights Qatar’s importance as a major producer of natural gas. With more than 66,000,936,690 MMcf of natural gas generated in 2023, the nation was among the world’s top producers of natural gas.

The state-owned energy business Qatar Petroleum is in charge of managing exploration, production, and exports of natural gas in Qatar. The infrastructure for liquefied natural gas (LNG) is very impressive, as Qatar is the world’s largest LNG exporter.

Qatar has established itself as a leading participant in the global LNG market because of its calculated investments in LNG-producing facilities like the Ras Laffan Industrial City. The nation exports liquefied natural gas (LNG) to markets in Asia, Europe, and the Americas, with substantial volumes going to these regions.

Qatar’s natural gas operations have shown a dedication to sustainability and innovation. The nation has led the way in developing technologies for natural gas transportation and liquefaction, which improve the LNG value chain’s effectiveness and environmental sustainability.

With an eye on the future, Qatar is still pursuing aggressive plans to diversify its energy sources and increase the amount of natural gas it can produce. Qatar’s strategic vision, cutting-edge infrastructure, and ample reserves position it to continue playing a major role in determining the direction of the global natural gas market.

Also Read: Most Expensive Countries in the World

7) Norway

Norway is a major player in the global natural gas market, utilizing its abundant offshore reserves and cutting-edge technological know-how to make a big impact. Norway’s natural gas resources are mostly found in the Norwegian Continental Shelf, which is situated in the North Sea. Notable fields include Troll, Ormen Lange, and Snøhvit.

The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate’s data highlights Norway’s prominence as a significant producer of natural gas. With more than 5,763,408,000 MMcf of natural gas generated in 2023, the nation was among the leading producers of natural gas in both Europe and the globe.

The state-owned energy corporation Equinor (previously Statoil) is in charge of leading the exploration, production, and exports of natural gas in Norway. The nation’s vast offshore infrastructure which consists of processing plants and pipelines, allows for the effective production and delivery of natural gas to both domestic and foreign markets.

Norway has established itself as a major supplier of natural gas to Europe due to its strategic location near important European markets and its consistent and sustainable energy supply. Furthermore, Norway has led the way in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the natural gas sector by putting carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies into practice to lessen their negative effects on the environment.

8) China

China’s fast economic growth, industrial expansion, and efforts to lessen its dependency on coal for energy generation have made it a powerhouse in the global natural gas landscape. The majority of the nation’s natural gas reserves are found in areas like the Tarim, Ordos, and Sichuan basins.

Information from the International Energy Agency (IEA) emphasizes China’s increasing importance as a producer of natural gas. The nation produced more than 4,559,625,595 MMcf of natural gas in 2023, placing it among the top producers worldwide.

State-owned companies that manage exploration, production, and distribution activities, like China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (Sinopec), and China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), dominate the country’s natural gas market.

China has committed to reducing air pollution and has made significant expenditures in building out its natural gas infrastructure, including storage facilities, pipelines, and LNG terminals. The goal of these expenditures is to lessen dependency on fuels like coal that release more carbon dioxide while also easing the switch to cleaner-burning natural gas.

Also Read: Natural Resources of China

9) Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, well known for its enormous oil reserves, also has substantial natural gas resources; however historically, its main objective has been to produce oil. Nevertheless, to meet domestic energy demands and diversify its energy mix, the nation has been spending more and more on the growth of its natural gas sector.

Saudi Arabia produced about 4,231,796,450 MMcf of natural gas in 2023. Notable fields include Ghawar, Shaybah, and the Rub’ al Khali Basin.

Saudi Arabia has stepped up its efforts to increase natural gas production in an attempt to fulfill the country’s growing needs for petrochemical manufacturing, industrial use, and the production of power. The nation has used cutting-edge extraction strategies, such as enhanced oil recovery and hydraulic fracturing, to tap gas reserves that were previously unreachable.

Saudi Arabia continues to produce more natural gas than oil, despite these efforts. Nonetheless, the kingdom has big intentions to greatly boost its output of natural gas in the upcoming years by expanding its current infrastructure, exploring new areas, and developing its unconventional gas resources.

Saudi Arabia is looking into the possibility of exporting natural gas to other markets, mostly in the form of LNG. This action is in line with the kingdom’s larger plan to diversify its sources of income other than oil.

Saudi Arabia is positioned to take center stage on the global energy scene as it invests more in the growth of its natural gas industry. This will enhance regional energy security and present fresh chances for international collaboration and investment.

10) United Arab Emirates

Using its substantial reserves and cutting-edge infrastructure, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a major player in the global natural gas market, meeting domestic demand and promoting economic growth. The United Arab Emirates (UAE), which is based in the Middle East, has abundant natural gas resources. These resources are mostly found offshore in fields like Umm Shaif and Upper Zakum.

The UAE Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure’s data highlights the nation’s rising stature as a producer of natural gas. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is one of the biggest producers of natural gas in the Middle East, having generated over 3,178,738,465 MMcf in 2023.

The Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), a state-owned company in charge of exploration, production, and distribution, is the driving force behind the natural gas industry in the United Arab Emirates. ADNOC has employed advanced technologies and creative approaches to optimize the exploitation of natural gas reserves, particularly in sour gas areas like Shah and Bab.

Apart from fulfilling its internal energy needs, the United Arab Emirates has made calculated investments in LNG infrastructure to improve its export potential. In collaboration with foreign energy corporations, the nation runs LNG processing plants, allowing it to export natural gas to markets throughout the world.

11) Indonesia

The Southeast Asian archipelago nation of Indonesia is a major player in the world natural gas market thanks to its large reserves and extensive history in the energy industry. Most of the nation’s natural gas resources are found offshore in areas like Papua, East Kalimantan, and the Natuna Sea.

The importance of Indonesia as a producer of natural gas is highlighted by data from the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources in Indonesia. The nation produced more than 3,143,035,000 MMcf of natural gas in 2023, placing it among the top producers in the Asia-Pacific area.

State-owned companies like Pertamina and PGN (Perusahaan Gas Negara), which are essential to exploration, production, and distribution, are in charge of managing Indonesia’s natural gas sector. The nation’s large network of pipelines and LNG terminals makes it easier to transport and export natural gas to both domestic and foreign markets.

Indonesia, a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), has a history of net natural gas exports, with China, South Korea, and Japan being its main export markets. But as domestic demand has increased and production from mature sources has decreased, Indonesia’s energy dynamics have changed, forcing the nation to reevaluate its investment plans and natural gas policy.

A Table Data of the Natural Gas Producing Countries in the World

RankCountry Production (MMcf)
1United States32,914,647,000
2Russia 22,728,734,000
4Canada 6,751,698,275
6Qatar 6,000,936,690
7Norway 5,763,408,000
8China 4,559,625,595
9Saudi Arabia4,231,796,450
10United Arab Emirates3,178,738,465
11Indonesia 3,143,035,000

Read more, 10 Countries With Largest Oil Reserves In World


The world’s top natural gas-producing countries are vital to supplying the world’s energy needs, promoting economic expansion, and advancing technological advancements in the energy industry. This blog listed the top 11 natural gas-producing countries in the world. 


Which Country Is the Largest Producer of Natural Gas?

The United States of America is the largest natural gas producer in the world at the moment. It represents nearly a quarter of the world’s natural gas production. 

Which Country Has the Majority of Natural Gas?

Russia has the largest natural gas reserves in the world which are worth more than 47.8 trillion standard cubic meters worth of fossil fuel. 

Who Is the Biggest Coal Exporter in the World?

Indonesia is the biggest coal exporter in the world with export value worth $104.30 billion in 2023.

Which Country Is the Largest Natural Gas Importer?

Germany is the world’s largest natural gas importer with 119,499,997,184 cubic metres of gas imports.

Does Dubai Have Natural Gas?

Yes, Dubai holds a minor percentage of the United Arab Emirates’s natural gas while Abu Dhabi holds about 94% of gas reserves. 

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

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