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Top 12 Historical Places in Pakistan You Should Visit

Imagine a journey through Pakistan’s past, where you can touch the mysteries of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, like time-traveling to ancient civilizations. Picture yourself standing in the majestic Lahore Fort, feeling the whispers of Mughal emperors, and being awestruck by the beauty of the Badshahi Mosque. These places are like open books, telling tales of a vibrant history. It is not just about place, it is a simple and exciting exploration of stories etched in stone, waiting for you to uncover them. 

List of Top 12 Historical Places in Pakistan

Here is the list of 12 historical places in Pakistan.

  1. Katas Raj Temples
  2. Sheikhupura Fort (Qilla Sheikhupura)
  3. Mohenjo-Daro
  4. Taxila
  5. Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens
  6. Badshahi Mosque
  7. Rohtas Fort
  8. Harappa
  9. Ranikot Fort
  10. Multan Fort
  11. Tomb of Jahangir
  12. Derawar Fort

1. Katas Raj Temples

The Katas Raj Temples in Chakwal are like a trip back in time. There are smaller temples around a big central one, built about 900 years ago, some even earlier in the 6th century AD. These temples used to be a special place for Hindus. In 1947, when Hindus moved to East Punjab, they left, and the temples were left empty. Interestingly, the Hindus and local Muslims were friends, and the Muslims even went with them to the next town, Choa Saiden Shah.

The temples are precious for Hindus because they believe that Lord Shiva stayed here after his wife Sati died. They think a pond formed from his tears. Pilgrims come to this holy pool to bathe and ask for forgiveness. They believe it helps wash away sins and brings them closer to God. People from different Hindu beliefs still come here for these special journeys, continuing a tradition that goes back a long time.

2. Sheikhupura Fort (Qilla Sheikhupura)

Sheikhupura Fort, also called Qilla Sheikhupura, is an old building in Sheikhupura, Pakistan. It was made during the time of the Mughal Empire in the 1600s. The fort looks amazing with its red bricks and fancy designs. Back in the day, when the Mughal Emperor Jehangir was in charge, the fort was used for important military stuff and as a holiday place for the royal family.

Sheikhupura Fort is like a time machine you can visit. It has been around for a long time and has seen much history happen. People like to come and see the big gates and pretty details in the bricks. The fort reminds everyone of how things were a long time ago when the Mughals ruled. It is like a special part of Pakistan’s history that you can touch and see.

Also Read: Chitral Beautiful Places

3. Mohenjo-Daro

Mohenjo-Daro, found in Pakistan, is an ancient city that teaches us about people who lived a really long time ago, around 2600 BCE. It’s like a time capsule from one of the earliest civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization. This city was super cleverly planned with neat streets and a smart system for draining water. Imagine a city so old having its great meeting places.

When archaeologists dig in Mohenjo-Daro, they find old structures like assembly halls and homes. These discoveries help us understand how these ancient folks lived and what their community was like. It’s like a puzzle, and each piece they find adds to the story. The people in Mohenjo-Daro were also kind of like secret code-writers; they had their way of writing on seals, even though we can’t figure out what it says today.

Exploring Mohenjo-Daro is like going back in time, and discovering how cities and civilizations started in South Asia. It’s exciting because it shows us the clever ideas and skills these ancient people had to build a city so long ago.

4. Taxila

Taxila is an old place full of history located in Pakistan. It is like a treasure chest with secrets from a long time ago. People used to live here a very, very long time ago, and they did many important things. Long ago, Taxila was a smart place where people learned many things. It was a center for learning, like a big school for intelligent people. It has buildings that mix different styles from places like Greece and Persia, showing how different cultures came together.

There are special places in Taxila that you can still see today, like Sirkap and Sirsukh. They are like puzzle pieces that tell us stories about the past. Some famous people, like Alexander the Great and Ashoka, were connected to Taxila, making it even more interesting.

When you visit Taxila, you can see old structures like the Dharmarajika Stupa and the Jaulian Monastery. These are like ancient buildings that stood the test of time. 

5. Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens

Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens are special places in Pakistan that tell us about the country’s old and important times. Lahore Fort is old, going back to the 11th century, but it changed a lot in the 16th century when Emperor Akbar ruled. It has amazing things like the Sheesh Mahal, a palace with lots of mirrors, and the Badshahi Mosque, which is a huge mosque.

Right near the Lahore Fort is Shalimar Gardens, made by Emperor Shah Jahan around the 17th century. This place is a beautiful example of how the Mughals made gardens. Shalimar Gardens have a neat design with different levels and water channels that show how the Mughals mixed beauty and usefulness. Visiting Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens is like taking a trip back in time to see how things were a long time ago in Pakistan, and it’s a really interesting and pretty place in Lahore.

6. Badshahi Mosque

The incredibly old and magnificent Badshahi Mosque is located in Lahore, Pakistan. It was made by the sixth Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, in 1671. This mosque is super big and made of red stone and white marble. The area where people pray is huge and can fit a lot of people. Inside, there are beautiful paintings and fancy writing on the walls. The mosque has big domes and tall towers that make it look really special. When you look at it from far away, it stands out in the Lahore skyline.

The Badshahi Mosque is a historical and religious place in Pakistan because it shows how talented the Mughal people were at building things. It’s been around for a long time and still looks awesome. Many people visit the mosque to see its beauty and learn about the history of Pakistan. The mosque is a special symbol of the Mughal time and is an important part of the cultural and religious heritage of the country. People come to pray, and tourists come to take pictures and be amazed by this old and incredible place.

Also Read: Beautiful Places in Pakistan

7. Rohtas Fort

The 16th-century Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri and is located in Punjab, Pakistan, close to Jhelum. Sher Shah Suri, an Afghan ruler, constructed the fort to block the return of the Mughal emperor Humayun to India. The fort covers a large area, showcasing a mix of Afghan and Persian architectural styles. It served as a defensive stronghold with massive walls, bastions, and strategic gateways.

Despite the passage of time, Rohtas Fort has retained its historical importance. Visitors can explore various parts of the fort, including the Haveli of Maan Singh, Sohail Gate, and the Baoli. Each section tells a story of the region’s turbulent past. The fort’s resilient structure reflects the architectural brilliance of its time. Rohtas Fort stands not only as a symbol of historical significance but also as a fascinating destination for those interested in exploring Pakistan’s rich heritage.

8. Harappa

The ancient archeological site of Harappa is located in Punjab, Pakistan, and dates back to around 3300 BCE. This historical marvel is a key part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Explored in the 1920s and 1930s, Harappa reveals an advanced urban center with planned streets and drainage systems. The site’s excavation unveiled artifacts like pottery, seals, and figurines, providing insights into the daily lives of the Harappan people. Harappa’s significance lies in its role in unraveling the mysteries of one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It showcases an impressive understanding of town planning and social structures.

Today, Harappa stands as a link to Pakistan’s ancient past, attracting archaeologists, historians, and tourists. The site offers a simple yet captivating glimpse into the rich history and cultural heritage of the region.

9. Ranikot Fort

Ranikot Fort stands as an architectural marvel in the heart of Pakistan. Located in the Kirthar Range near Sann, Jamshoro District, this historical site is the world’s largest fort, spanning over 26 kilometers. Dating back to the 17th century, its exact origins remain shrouded in mystery, but it is believed to have been constructed during the Talpur dynasty.

Built with massive walls and intricate bastions, Ranikot Fort served strategic and defensive purposes, guarding the northern frontier of the Sindh region. The fort’s unique design incorporates natural terrain features, making it a formidable structure. Despite its historical significance, Ranikot Fort is relatively less explored, adding an air of mystique to this awe-inspiring testament to ancient engineering and military prowess.

Also Read: Most Beautiful Cities in Pakistan 

10. Multan Fort

Multan Fort is a very old and important place in Pakistan. It was built more than 400 years ago, back in the time of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. This fort is like a big, strong castle that was made to protect the city of Multan. The fort is special because it shows how people in the past built things. It’s like a mix of different styles from different places. It has amazing designs on its walls with special tiles and patterns that make it look beautiful. The fort also has a big garden called Qasim Bagh, and a large water tank called Damdama.

Many people come to visit Multan Fort because it tells stories of a long time ago. It’s like a time machine that takes you back to when kings and queens ruled. The fort has seen a lot of history and is a treasure for Pakistan. People can explore its big walls and imagine how life was in the olden days. Multan Fort is not just a bunch of old stones, it’s a living memory of the past that still stands tall today.

11. Tomb of Jahangir

The Tomb of Jahangir is a striking testament to Mughal architecture and history. Commissioned by Emperor Jahangir’s son, Shah Jahan, this mausoleum commemorates the fourth Mughal ruler’s legacy. Completed in 1637, the tomb is renowned for its intricate craftsmanship and Persian-inspired design. Constructed with red sandstone and adorned with marble inlays, it stands as a majestic example of Mughal artistry. 

The mausoleum’s four minarets and a grand entrance gate add to its grandeur. Inside, Jahangir’s white marble sarcophagus is an elegant focal point. The surrounding Charbagh garden, divided into four quadrants, reflects the traditional Islamic paradise garden style. The Tomb of Jahangir is not merely a historical structure, it’s a cultural treasure that provides a glimpse into the opulence and architectural brilliance of the Mughal era.

12. Derawar Fort

Derawar Fort, a majestic desert fortress located in the Cholistan Desert of Pakistan, stands as a testament to the rich historical legacy of the region. Built-in the 9th century by Rai Jajja Bhatti, the fort was later captured by the Nawabs of Bahawalpur in the 18th century. The massive structure, with its towering walls and 40 bastions, showcases stunning Islamic architecture. The fort’s strategic location on the ancient trade route, connecting Central Asia with the Indian subcontinent, further emphasizes its historical significance. 

Derawar Fort has weathered the sands of time, bearing witness to the passage of numerous civilizations and embodying the resilience of Pakistan’s historical heritage. 

Conclusion

Every visit offers a fully immersed experience in cultural heritage, whether it is discovering the history of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa or taking in the architectural wonders of Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque. Whether traveling with others or by yourself, these locations provide a lasting link to Pakistan’s rich spirituality and history.

FAQs

What is the most famous historical place in Pakistan?

The most famous historical place in Pakistan is often attributed to the Badshahi Mosque and Lahore Fort in Lahore. The Badshahi Mosque, built during the Mughal era, is one of the largest mosques in the world and boasts impressive Mughal architecture. The Lahore Fort is a symbol of the city’s rich history and includes beautiful palaces, gardens, and historic structures.

What makes Minar-e-Pakistan a famous landmark in Pakistan?

Minar-e-Pakistan is a significant landmark, symbolizing the birth of Pakistan. Erected in Lahore, it commemorates the Lahore Resolution of 1940, a crucial moment in the nation’s history that paved the way for the creation of Pakistan. The towering structure stands as a symbol of independence and the collective struggle for a separate nation, drawing both locals and tourists to its historic site.

Oleksandra Mamchii

Working as a academic lead at Best Diplomats.

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